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Table 2 General socio-demographic characteristics of the study populations

From: Tobacco farming in rural Vietnam: questionable economic gain but evident health risks

Characteristics South North
  Tobacco farming commune Non-tobacco farming commune p value Tobacco farming commune Non-tobacco farming commune p value
Sex: n (%)       
▪ Men 286 (50.8) 273 (48.1) 0.36* 243 (48.4) 237 (48.7) 0.96
▪ Women 277 (49.2) 295 (51.9)   259 (51.6) 250 (51.3)  
Age: n (%)       
▪ <15 164 (29.1) 178 (31.3) 0.15* 115 (22.9) 113 (23.2) 0.84*
▪ 15–24 146 (25.9) 137 (24.1)   100 (19.9) 88 (18.1)  
▪ 25–44 136 (24.2) 127 (22.4)   173 (34.5) 181 (37.2)  
▪ 45–64 108 (19.2) 104 (18.3)   83 (16.5) 80 (16.4)  
▪ 64+ 9 (1.6) 22 (3.9)   31 (6.2) 25 (5.1)  
Education: n (%)       
▪ No education 29 (5.2) 31 (5.5) 0.69* 10 (2.1) 17 (3.5) 0.06*
▪ Not yet complete primary level 112 (19.9) 111 (19.5)   63 (12.6) 94 (19.3)  
▪ Complete primary level 200 (35.5) 190 (33.5)   105 (20.9) 77 (15.8)  
▪ Complete secondary school 155 (27.5) 152 (26.8)   212 (42.2) 178 (36.6)  
▪ Tertiary education and higher 67 (11.9) 84 (14.8)   101 (20.1) 121 (24.9)  
Occupation: n (%)       
▪ Farmer 280 (49.7) 280 (49.3) 0.33* 330 (65.7) 279 (57.3) 0.01*
▪ Government staff 4 (0.7) 4 (0.7)   6 (1.2) 24 (4.9)  
▪ Pupil/student 211 (37.5) 195 (34.3)   122 (24.3) 132 (27.1)  
▪ Other 68 (12.1) 89 (15.7)   44 (8.8) 52 (10.7)  
Per capita income: mean(sd) US$ 28.5 (24.0) 20.4 (15.6) 0.00** 19.1 (9.3) 21.8 (14.7) 0.00**
Total 563 (100) 568 (100)   502 (100) 487 (100)  
  1. * p value for chi squared test
  2. ** p value for median test