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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents and the population

From: Failure of hospital employees to comply with smoke-free policy is associated with nicotine dependence and motives for smoking: a descriptive cross-sectional study at a teaching hospital in the United Kingdom

   Respondents Population
   non-smokers smokers* frequency (%) total  
Socio-demographic characteristic frequency (%) compliant non-compliant frequency (%) frequency (%)
age under 25 113 (18.9) 16 (23.5) 8 (25.8) 137 (19.6) 419 (6)
  26 – 45 300 (50.1) 41 (60.3) 16 (51.6) 357 (51.1) 4531 (64.9)
  over 46 186 (31.1) 11 (16.2) 7 (22.6) 204 (29.2) 2031 (29.1)
sex male 169 (28.6) 15 (21.7) 8 (26.7) 192 (27.9) 1389 (19.9)
  female 421 (71.4) 54 (78.3) 22 (73.3) 497 (72.1) 5592 (80.1)
job title healthcare professionals† 249 (41.6) 29 (42.0) 11 (34.4) 289 (41.3) 3609 (51.7)
  auxillary healthcare‡ 87 (14.5) 4 (5.8) 3 (9.4) 94 (13.4) 1250 (17.9)
  estates 31 (5.2) 5 (7.2) 1 (3.1) 37 (5.3) 293 (4.2)
  contract ancillary 71 (11.9) 5 (7.2) 12 (37.5) 88 (12.6) 551 (7.9)
  clerical and managerial§ 161 (26.9) 26 (37.7) 5 (15.6) 192 (27.4) 1278 (18.3)
ethnicity caucasian 526 (87.8) 66 (95.7) 29 (90.6) 621 (88.2) 5892 (84.4)
  other 77 (12.8) 3 (4.3) 3 (9.4) 83 (11.8) 754 (10.8)
   Fisher's exact test for significance
Socio-demographic characteristic smokers vs non-smokers probability compliant vs non-compliant* probability non-smokers vs non-compliant* probability non-smokers vs compliant* probability
age 0.024|| 0.636 0.458 0.028||
sex 0.332 0.612 0.5 0.258
job title 0.164 0.002|| 0.007|| 0.09
ethnicity 0.065 0.378 0.047|| 0.786
  1. *Those respondents who reported smoking were divided into compliant smokers and non-compliant smokers on the basis of their response to the question "When I am working at Addenbrooke's Hospital, I smoke on the site: More than twice a day/Once or twice a day/Once a week/Once a month/Never." Those who choose the answer "Never" were considered to be compliant.
  2. †Including doctors, registered nurses and other registered practitioners
  3. ‡Including all unregistered clinical staff e.g. healthcare assistants
  4. §Including all administrative staff and non-clinical managers
  5. || Significant