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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of risk factors for patient delay and health system delay

From: Delay in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Nepal

    % Patient delay (>30 days) Health system delay (>30 days)
Factors N   OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Type of tuberculosis Sputum smear positive 139 45.4% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Sputum smear negative 136 44.4% 0.5 (0.33–0.88) 0.5 (0.28–0.80) 0.8 (0.50–1.53) 0.9 (0.51–1.65)
  Extra pulmonary 31 10.1% 1.2 (0.53–2.93) 1.3 (0.53–3.08) 1.0 (0.41–2.40) 1.0 (0.41–2.58)
Age group ≤ 14 years 32 10.5% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  15 – 54 years 216 70.6% 0.5 (0.22–1.30) 1.0 (0.51–2.32) 1.2 (0.48–2.89) 1.1 (0.46–2.81)
  ≥ 55 years 58 19.0% 0.6 (0.30–1.07) 1.8 (0.71–4.60) 1.0 (0.36–2.92) 0.9 (0.33–2.88)
Sex Male 181 59.2% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Female 125 40.8% 0.8 (0.53–1.36) 1.2 (0.73–1.98) 0.8 (0.45–1.33) 0.8 (0.44–1.37)
Marital status Single 72 24.1% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Married 227 75.9% 1.5 (0.87–2.55) 0.7 (0.35–1.40) 1.4 (0.73–2.72) 1.8 (0.76–4.24)
Education Illiterate 190 62.1% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Literate 116 37.9% 0.7 (0.42–1.10) 0.8 (0.46–1.26) 1.2 (0.74–2.14) 1.2 (0.67–2.12)
Occupation Peasant 147 55.1% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  House wife 61 22.8% 0.7 (0.37–1.27) 0.5 (0.24–1.23) 0.7 (0.34–1.57) 0.6 (0.25–1.61)
  Others 59 22.1% 0.6 (0.31–1.05%) 0.7 (0.35–1.29) 1.5 (0.75–2.88) 1.5 (0.73–3.06)
Smoke No 162 52.9% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Yes 5 ≤ per day 54 17.6% 1.3 (0.73–2.32) 1.4 (0.76–2.65) 1.0 (0.52–2.10) 1.1 (0.52–2.29)
  Yes >5 per day 82 26.7% 2.4 (1.32–4.53) 2.7 (1.39–5.38) 2.1 (1.17–3.99) 2.4 (1.18–4.79)
Alcohol No 219 71.3% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Moderate 38 12.3% 1.1 (0.56–2.27) 1.2 (0.58–2.55) 1.4 (0.66–3.08) 0.7 (0.32–1.48)
  Heavy 48 15.6% 1.8 (0.90–3.50) 1.9 (0.91–3.91 1.4 (0.72–2.91) 0.9 (0.34–2.41)
Income <NRs. 2,500 232 75.8% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  ≥ NRs.2,500 74 24.2% 0.9 (0.52–1.52) 1.0 (0.59–1.77) 1.2 (0.64–2.25) 0.7 (0.40–1.47)
Travel time ≤ 1 hour 281 91.8% 1.0 1.0 1.0  
  >1 hour 25 8.2% 1.4 (0.60–3.47) 1.5 (0.60–3.59) 0.8 (0.28–2.13) 0.7 (0.25–1.97)
  1. OR = Odds ratio, AOR = Adjusted odds ratio. All variables in the table were included as covariates in the logistic regression model.