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Table 8 Epidemiological studies from Europe – childhood and teen injuries

From: A review of injury epidemiology in the UK and Europe: some methodological considerations in constructing rates

Author and date Type of study/data source Population
(denominator)/size
Level of severity Epidemiological observation Major findings Epidemiological shortcomings
Borzecky et al., 2002 [77] descriptive study/Surgical Ward of Specialist Paediatric Hospital Kielce data children
(7–15 y)
Kielce, Poland
hospitalization proportions by age, gender, cause, location, urban/rural, time of occurrence 1997/1998
46% of injuries within age 10–12 y; most of injuries occurs in boys;
leading locations: 56% at home; 18% on the road; 13% at school, 7% at farms; 53% rural area
No population based rates, no information on severity; 1 year study and one geographical region only
Oprescu et al., 2008 [73] analytic study/Children Clinical Hospital data children
(0–18 y)/Cluj Napoca, Romania
A&E proportions by age, gender, type, cause, ethnic status, location, process of care (e.g. waiting time), OR (injury type/age, gender, location); rates by age 1999–2003
A&E attendance rate per 100,000: 197 (age <5 y)/140 (age 5–14 y)/135 (age 15–18 y)
77.8% unintentional injuries,; 55.8% home injuries (unintentional); higher risk of injuries for boys vs. girls; falls as a leading cause age 0–14 y
No information on severity; one geographical region only; non-fatal injuries
Petridou et al., 2001 [75] analytic study/Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System children
(0–14 y)
Athens, Magnesia, Island of Corfu
Greece
A&E proportions by age, gender, type, circumstances of injury, process of care (e.g. treatment), rates and regression (OR intentional vs. non-intentional -socio-demographic variables, injury details) 1996–1997
108 injuries out of 46.807 due to violence; rates per 100,000 (violence): 18 (Athens)/21 (Magnesia)/31 (Corfu)
subgroup at higher risk: boys/age 10–14 y/migrants, OR = 1.3/2.7/3.6
No population based rates for un-intentional injuries
Petridou et al., 2005 [74] analytic
(prospective) study/Health care outlets and educational institutions; police records; hospital data
children
(0–14 y)/784
Velestino town, Greece
hospitalization, A&E and other sources – police, health care outlets) proportions, rates by severity (ISS), age, gender; OR, regression (OR injury – socio-demographic and somatometric variables) 1994/1995 28.2 per 100 person year overall incidence rate; 6.3 per 100 person year incidence rate (ISS>4)
subgroup at higher risk: children with younger parents/low level of education, OR = 1.33/1.37
1 year study and one geographical region only