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Table 5 Logistic regression analysis with robust estimates of standard errors for three dimensions of perceived safety

From: Correlates of local safety-related concerns in a Swedish Community: a cross-sectional study

Variables   Structural indicators of social disorder Contact with disorderly behaviour Existential insecurity
  N (%) Exposed cases,
n (%)
Adjusted ORa 95% CI Exposed cases,
n (%)
Adjusted ORa 95% CI Exposed cases,
n (%)
Adjusted ORa 95% CI
Area-level characteristics
Total area crimeb - - 1.01*** 1.01–1.01 - 1.00 0.99–1.00 - 1.00** 1.00–1.01
Individual characteristics
Experience of crime
   No (0) 982 (89.5) 225 (22.9) 1   222 (22.6) 1   218
(22.2)
1  
   Yes (1) 115 (10.5) 51
(44.3)
1.61 0.82–3.18 49
(42.6)
1.61* 1.03–2.51 35
(30.4)
1.42 0.85–2.37
Area reputation
   Good (0) 416 (37.9) 41
(9.9)
1   39
(9.4)
1   53
(12.7)
1  
Not very
good (1)
681 (62.1) 235 (34.5) 2.86*** 2.13–3.84 232 (34.1) 2.91*** 2.12–4.00 200
(29.4)
2.67*** 1.64–4.35
Gender
   Male 507 (46.2) 139 (27.4) 1   131 (25.8) 1   54
(10.7)
1  
   Female 590 (53.8) 137 (23.2) 0.78** 0.65–0.94 140 (23.7) 0.93 0.79–1.10 199
(33.7)
4.54*** 3.21–6.43
Age (years)
   20–34 214 (19.5) 64
(29.9)
1   76
(35.5)
1   55
(25.7)
1  
   35–64 619 (56.4) 166 (26.8) 1.36 0.96–1.92 153 (24.7) 1.00 0.77–1.32 117
(18.9)
0.80 0.58–1.09
   65–79 264 (24.1) 46
(17.4)
0.87 0.51–1.47 42
(15.9)
0.51*** 0.38–0.70 81
(30.7)
1.72** 1.20–2.46
Education
   1–9 years 427 (38.9) 97
(22.7)
1   94
(22.0)
1   115
(26.9)
1  
   10–12 years 433 (39.5) 131 (30.3) 1.40* 1.01–1.94 129 (29.8) 1.27 0.79–2.05 95
(21.9)
0.95 0.68–1.31
   ≥ 12 years 237 (21.6) 48
(20.3)
1.20 0.83–1.74 48
(20.3)
1.27 0.69–2.34 43
(18.1)
0.82 0.53–1.27
Country of birth
   Born in Sweden 909 (82.9) 218 (24.0) 1   209 (23.0) 1   204
(22.4)
1  
   Born elsewhere 188 (17.1) 58
(30.9)
0.68*** 0.55–0.84 62
(33.0)
1.04 0.74–1.47 49
(26.1)
1.02 0.69–1.51
Household civil status
   Family household 831 (75.8) 197 (23.7) 1   168 (20.2) 1   184
(22.1)
1  
   Single household 266 (24.2) 79
(29.7)
0.85 0.61–1.20 103 (38.7) 1.57*** 1.28–1.94 69
(25.9)
0.94 0.61–1.47
Type of housing
   Small house 453 (41.3) 52
(11.5)
1   35
(7.7)
1   79
(17.4)
1  
   Flat 644 (58.7) 224 (34.8) 1.37* 1.01–1.84 236 (36.6) 5.58*** 3.06–10.17 174
(27.0)
0.85 0.59–1.23
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval. *p < 0.05;**p < 0.01;***p < 0.001.
  2. aORs are adjusted for all other variables in the table.
  3. bTotal mean number of police-reported crimes/1000 inhabitants per year.