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Table 1 Personal habits, attitude toward preventive counseling, and perception of school environment among Colombian medical students

From: The association between Colombian medical students' healthy personal habits and a positive attitude toward preventive counseling: cross-sectional analyses

  1st year
(n = 407)
5th year
(n = 254)
 
Characteristics % % p-value
Body mass index (Kg/m2)    
   <18.5 11 9 0.16
   18.5 – 24.9 80 78 0.64
   25 – 30 8 11 0.09
   >30 1 2 0.16
Students' reported healthy habits    
   Consuming ≥ 5 daily servings of fruits and/or vegetables 41 40 0.80
≥ 150 min/week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity 51 50 0.73
   Non-smokinga 83 75 0.02
   Non-binge drinkingb 57 42 0.002
   Non-heavy drinkingc 88 82 0.08
   Overall healthy habitsd 12 8 0.13
Students with a positive attitudee toward always counseling patients about:    
   Nutrition 93 89 0.06
   Physical activity 85 91 0.02
   Smoking 89 89 0.90
   Alcohol consumption 78 80 0.51
   Weight control 90 94 0.09
   All healthy habitsf 68 73 0.19
Students' perception of the school environment as promoting each healthy habit:    
   Nutrition 43 22 <0.0001
   Physical activity 46 30 <0.0001
   Smoking 43 47 0.36
   Alcohol consumption 42 28 0.0003
  1. a Smokers: Students reporting current use of tobacco and having smoked ≥ 100 cigarettes during their lives, b Binge drinkers: those who consume ≥ 5 drinks of alcohol on a single occasion, c Heavy drinkers: women who consume an average of >1 daily drink or men consuming an average of >2 daily drinks, d Students with overall healthy habits: those who report doing ≥ 150 minutes a week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, consuming ≥ 5 servings of fruit and/or vegetables a day, and being nonsmokers and non-heavy or non-binge drinkers, e Positive attitude toward counseling: students that agreed or strongly agreed that if is important for physicians to counsel patients about each individual habit, f All healthy habits: nutrition, physical activity, smoking, alcohol consumption, weight control.
  2. Note, p-value: chi-square for 1st vs. 5th year differences.