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Table 2 Individual, social, and physical environmental correlates of sufficient PA among Canadians, overall and by gender, 2002

From: Individual, social, environmental, and physical environmental correlates with physical activity among Canadians: a cross-sectional study

Variable Men and Women Women Men
  Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) † * OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) † OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) †
Self-rated health       
Excellent 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Good 0.80 (0.66–0.96) 0.96 (0.78–1.17) 0.80 (0.63–1.01) 1.04 (0.80–1.33) 0.75 (0.54–1.03) 0.85 (0.60–1.19)
Fair 0.43 (0.34–0.54) 0.83 (0.64–1.07) 0.43 (0.32–0.57) 0.95 (0.68–1.32) 0.41 (0.28–0.60) 0.68 (0.45–1.03)
Poor 0.19 (0.14–0.26) 0.42 (0.29–0.61) 0.23 (0.16–0.35) 0.60 (0.37–0.98) 0.13 (0.08–0.22) 0.25 (0.14–0.43)
Education       
Elementary 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Secondary 2.58 (1.96–3.41) 1.69 (1.24–2.32) 3.12 (2.17–4.47) 2.15 (1.44–3.23) 1.97 (1.25–3.11) 1.19 (0.71–2.00)
Tech school or college 3.21 (2.37–4.34) 1.75 (1.24–2.46) 3.99 (2.70–5.88) 2.18 (1.41–3.39) 2.45 (1.49–4.05) 1.25 (0.70–2.22)
University 3.63 (2.71–4.85) 1.85 (1.32–2.59) 4.92 (3.36–7.19) 2.43 (1.57–3.75) 2.38 (1.48–3.83) 1.22 (0.70–2.12)
Family income       
<$20 K 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
$20–<$50 K 1.92 (1.55–2.38) 1.37 (1.07–1.74) 1.87 (1.44–2.44) 1.36 (1.01–1.82) 1.86 (1.28–2.70) 1.37 (0.89–2.11)
$50–<$80 K 2.84 (2.21–3.64) 1.62 (1.22–2.15) 2.69 (1.96–3.70) 1.59 (1.12–2.27) 2.74 (1.80–4.15) 1.68 (1.04–2.71)
≥ $80 K 3.05 (2.35–3.97) 1.69 (1.25–2.29) 2.66 (1.90–3.73) 1.49 (1.01–2.19) 3.16 (2.05–4.87) 1.98 (1.19–3.27)
Intention       
Low intention 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference) 1.00 (reference)
Moderate intention 2.22 (1.86–2.65) 1.66 (1.37–2.02) 2.23 (1.78–2.79) 1.73 (1.35–2.22) 2.17 (1.62–2.90) 1.57 (1.14–2.15)
Fully intentional 4.14 (3.25–5.27) 2.26 (1.73–2.95) 4.68 (3.41–6.41) 2.59 (1.83–3.67) 3.38 (2.31–4.95) 1.84 (1.21–2.79)
Intention as continuous 2.06 (1.83–2.33) 1.38 (1.27–1.50) 2.17 (1.86–2.54) 1.40 (1.25–1.56) 1.87 (1.54–2.28) 1.36 (1.21–1.54)
Self-efficacy (mean score) 1.69 (1.60–1.78) 1.50 (1.41–1.59) 1.66 (1.54–1.78) 1.51 (1.40–1.63) 1.70 (1.56–1.85) 1.48 (1.34–1.62)
Perceived health benefit (mean score) 1.40 (1.27–1.54) 1.17 (1.05–1.31) 1.39 (1.22–1.58) 1.15 (1.00–1.34) 1.49 (1.29–1.73) 1.22 (1.03–1.45)
Perceived barriers to PA (mean score) 0.86 (0.81–0.90) 0.94 (0.88–0.99) 0.82 (0.77–0.88) 0.91 (0.84–0.99) 0.91 (0.84–0.98) 0.97 (0.88–1.06)
Social support (mean score) 1.03 (0.97–1.11) 1.02 (0.94–1.11) 1.01 (0.93–1.10) 1.01 (0.91–1.12) 1.10 (0.99–1.23) 1.06 (0.94–1.21)
Facility availability (mean score) 1.56 (1.33–1.83) 1.12 (0.94–1.34) 1.45 (1.18–1.78) 1.10 (0.87–1.37) 1.62 (1.25–2.11) 1.22 (0.91–1.62)
  1. † OR adjusted for age, self-rated health, education, intention, self-efficacy, perceived health benefit, perceived barriers and facility availability.
  2. Analyses for family income were not adjusted for education.
  3. * OR also adjusted for sex