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Table 4 Bivariate and multivarivate analyses of HIV knowledge and risk factors associated with knowledge of HIV status among HIV positive and negative persons

From: Determinants of knowledge of HIV status in South Africa: results from a population-based HIV survey

HIV knowledge and risk variables HIV positive
  N Know HIV test result (%) Crude OR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95% CI)1 (Pseudo R square = .13) P- value
Aware of place nearby place to get tested for HIV     0.000   
No 9 5.1 1.00   1.00  
Yes 426 38.6 11.7 (4.56–29.87) 0.000 8.85 (3.40–23.0) 0.000
HIV knowledge     0.092   
Low 102 29.4 1.00    
Medium 146 29.9 1.03 (0.66–1.59) 0.903   
High 179 37.0 1.41 (0.93–2.14) 0.107 ---  
Knowledge of ARVs     0.420   
No 151 30.6 1.00    
Yes 283 33.6 1.15 (0.82–1.62) 0.420 ---  
Know of serodiscordance     0.000   
No 180 27.4 1.00   1.00  
Yes 255 38.2 5.94 (3.52–10.04) 0.000 1.39 (0.96–1.99) 0.077
Impact of HIV (household: HIV, care death)     0.000   
No 342 28.2 1.00   1.00  
Yes 94 70.0 5.94 (3.52–10.04) 0.000 4.60 (2.54–8.32) 0.000
HIV risk perception     0.000   
Low 57 19.1 1.00   1.00  
Medium 115 29.1 1.74 (1.04–2.90) 0.034 1.38 (0.78–2.46) 0.269
High 254 39.4 2.75 (1.03–4.37) 0.000 1.71 (1.02–2.89) 0.042
AIDS stigma attitudes     0.997   
Low 192 32.9 1.00    
Medium 198 33.3 1.02 (0.72–1.44) 0.928 ---  
High 41 32.4 0.98 (0.53–1.79) 0.939   
HIV knowledge and risk variables HIV negative
Aware of place nearby place to get tested for HIV     0.000   
No 92 4.1 1.00   1.00  
Yes 2682 32.9 11.6 (8.23–16.29) 0.000 9.73 (6.90–13.73) 0.000
HIV knowledge     0.000   
Low 601 17.1 1.00   1.00  
Medium 962 29.0 1.98 (1.64–2.39) 0.000 1.46 (1.18–1.80) 0.001
High 1181 32.2 2.30 (1.94–2.74) 0.000 1.64 (1.36–1.97) 0.000
Knowledge of ARVs     0.224   
No 938 25.3 1.00    
Yes 1838 27.1 1.10 (0.95–1.27) 0.224 ---  
Know of serodiscordance     0.000   
No 951 20.1 1.00   1.00  
Yes 1823 32.0 1.87 (1.62–2.17) 0.000 1.56 (1.31–1.85) 0.000
Impact of HIV (household: HIV, care death)     0.024   
No 2660 26.1 1.00   1.00  
Yes 122 33.4 1.43 (1.05–1.94) 0.024 1.22 (0.86–1.73) 0.267
HIV risk perception     0.013   
Low 983 24.0 1.00   1.00  
Medium 924 27.1 1.17 (0.99–1.40) 0.071 1.05 (0.88–1.26) 0.600
High 870 28.3 1.25 (1.05–1.49) 0.014 0.96 (0.79–1.18) 0.711
AIDS stigma attitudes     0.237   
Low 1152 27.5 1.00    
Medium 1333 26.0 0.93 (0.80–1.08) 0.335 ---  
High 273 25.1 0.88 (0.69–1.13) 0.324   
  1. 1Adjusted for sex and age