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Table 2 Bivariate and multivarivate analyses of demographic factors associated with knowledge of HIV status among HIV positive and negative persons

From: Determinants of knowledge of HIV status in South Africa: results from a population-based HIV survey

Demographic variables HIV positive
  N Know HIV test result (%) Crude OR (95% CI) P- value Adjusted OR (95% CI) (Pseudo R square = .04) P-value
Gender     0.146   
Men 104 28.7 1.00    
Women 332 34.7 1.32 (0.91–1.91) 0.146 ---  
Age     0.351   
15–24 yrs 109 31.3 1.00    
25–34 164 35.5 1.21 (0.79–1.85) 0.377   
35+ 163 30.5 0.96 (0.63–1.47) 0.862 ---  
Marital status     0.755   
Single 235 31.7 1.00    
Married/cohabiting 150 34.6 1.14 (0.79–1.64) 0.482   
Divorced/separated/widowed 51 31.3 0.98 (0.59–1.63) 0.932 ---  
Educational level     0.016   
Grade 7 or less 119 26.1 1.00   1.00  
Grade 8 to 11 198 34.8 1.51 (1.01–2.24) 0.043 1.38 (0.92–2.07) 0.116
Grade 12+ 118 37.8 1.72 (1.09–2.76) 0.019 1.56 (0.98–2.46) 0.059
Population group     0.000   
Black African 396 32.2 1.00   1.00  
Other 40 54.1 2.49 (1.41–4.41) 0.000 2.04 (1.12–3.71) 0.020
Geolocality     0.000   
Rural 120 23.2 1.00   1.00  
Urban 316 40.5 2.25 (1.59–3.88) 0.000 2.14 (1.50–3.04) 0.000
Employment status     0.579   
Not employed 296 33.2 1.00    
Employed 130 31.0 0.90 (0.63–1.29) 0.579 ---  
Demographic variables HIV negative
Gender     0.001   
Men 994 24.0 1.00   1.00  
Women 1708 28.5 1.41 (1.14–1.75) 0.001 1.65 (1.37–1.97) 0.000
Age     0.000   
15–24 yrs 681 17.0 1.00   1.00  
25–34 701 42.0 3.88 (2.88–5.22) 0.000 2.30 (1.79–2.96) 0.000
35+ 1400 26.0 2.41 (1.89–3.08) 0.000 1.36 (1.04–1.79) 0.026
Marital status     0.002   
Single 1934 22.1 1.00   1.00  
Married/cohabiting 1468 32.8 1.72 (1.47–2.08) 0.000 1.40 (1.09–1.78) 0.007
Divorced/separated/widowed 273 20.4 0.90 (0.72–1.14) 0.390 0.95 (0.70–1.29) 0.756
Educational level     0.000   
Grade 7 or less 459 14.8 1.00   1.00  
Grade 8 to 11 957 21.3 1.56 (1.29–1.88) 0.000 1.62 (1.28–2.04) 0.000
Grade 12+ 1362 46.6 5.04 (4.14–6.12) 0.000 3.83 (3.04–4.81) 0.000
Population group     0.000   
Black African 1354 22.3 1.00   1.00  
Other 1422 39.8 2.30 (1.97–2.68) 0.000 1.21 (1.02–1.44) 0.028
Geolocality     0.000   
Rural 560 17.3 1.00   1.00  
Urban 2222 33.5 2.41 (2.06–2.81) 0.000 1.58 (1.31–1.91) 0.000
Employment status     0.000   
Not employed 1393 19.9 1.00   1.00  
Employed 1330 40.7 2.76 (2.35–3.25) 0.000 1.93 (1.58–2.35) 0.000