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Table 1 Bivariate and multivarivate analyses of factors associated with knowledge of HIV status

From: Determinants of knowledge of HIV status in South Africa: results from a population-based HIV survey

  N Know HIV test result (%) Crude OR (95% CI) P-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) (Pseudo R square = .15) P-value
Demographics
Sex     0.000   
Men 1588 24.6 1.00   1.00  
Women 2851 30.1 1.32 (1.18–1.48) 0.000 1.93 (1.52–2.43) 0.000
Age     0.000   
15–24 1065 17.7 1.00   1.00  
25–34 1164 40.8 3.20 (2.71–3.78) 0.000 1.83 (1.38–2.42) 0.000
35 and more 2210 27.6 1.77 (1.55–2.02) 0.000 1.22 (0.87–1.71) 0.259
Marital status     0.000   
Single 1662 22.9 1.00   1.00  
Married/cobabitating 2318 34.6 1.78 (1.58–2.01) 0.000 1.35 (1.00–1.83) 0.051
Divorced/separated/widowed 436 21.7 0.93 (0.78–1.11) 0.452 1.41 (0.95–2.10) 0.087
Education     0.000   
Grade 7 or less 688 16.0 1.00   1.00  
Grade 8 to 11 1509 22.6 1.53 (1.31–1.79) 0.000 0.96 (0.67–1.36) 0.800
Grade 12 and more 2231 42.3 4.34 (3.72–5.07) 0.000 1.50 (1.08–2.10) 0.016
Population group     0.000   
Black African 2182 23.8 1.00   1.00  
Other 2247 40.5 2.17 (1.92–2.45) 0.000 1.42 (1.10–1.84) 0.007
Employment status     0.000   
Not employed 2191 21.1 1.00   1.00  
Employed 2158 41.0 2.60 (2.30–2.94) 0.000 1.50 (1.18–1.91) 0.001
Geolocality     0.000   
Rural 872 17.8 1.00   1.00  
Urban 3567 35.0 2.49 (2.20–2.81) 0.000 1.96 (1.51–2.55) 0.000
HIV knowledge and attitudes
Aware of place nearby where one could be tested for HIV     0.000   
No 142 4.4 1.00   1.00  
Yes 4287 33.9 11.05 (8.30–14.71) 0.000 7.86 (4.92–12.55) 0.000
HIV knowledge     0.000   
Low 981 20.3 1.00   1.00  
Medium 1492 29.0 1.60 (1.38–1.85) 0.000 0.91 (0.68–1.22) 0.535
High 1898 32.6 1.90 (1.65–2.17) 0.000 1.19 (0.90–1.56) 0.218
Knowledge of ARVs     0.897   
No 1715 27.9 1.00    
Yes 2695 27.7 0.99 (0.89–1.11) 0.897 ---  
Know of serodiscordance     0.000   
No 1529 21.0 1.00   1.00  
Yes 2892 33.7 1.92 (1.71–2.15) 0.000 1.04 (0.83–1.31) 0.715
Impact of HIV (household: HIV, care, death)     0.000   
No 4180 26.7 1.00   1.00  
Yes 259 43.0 2.08 (1.66–2.60) 0.000 2.82 (1.81–4.41) 0.000
HIV risk perception     0.000   
Low 1476 24.3 1.00   1.00  
Medium 1451 27.3 1.00 (0.88–1.12) 0.961 0.94 (0.72–1.22) 0.635
High 1492 30.8 1.18 (1.10–1.26) 0.000 0.90 (0.67–1.20) 0.469
AIDS stigma attitudes     0.551   
Low 2023 32.0 1.00    
Medium 1995 25.4 1.02 (0.90–1.15) 0.735 ---  
High 378 21.8 1.06 (0.88–1.28) 0.549   
HIV status and risk behaviour
HIV status     0.000   
Negative 2782 26.4 1.00   1.00  
Postive 436 32.7 1.35 (1.13–1.62) 0.000 0.93 (0.69–1.24) 0.618
Ever STI symptoms     0.682   
No 3708 27.5 1.00    
Yes 173 28.7 1.06 (0.80–1.40) 0.682 ---  
Number of sexual partners in past year     0.000   
None 1064 15.5 1.00   1.00  
One 3149 35.7 3.03 (2.67–3.44) 0.000 1.22 (0.92–1.61) 0.176
Two or more 226 32.4 2.62 (2.01–3.41) 0.000 1.65 (1.07–2.53) 0.022
No condom use at last sex     0.000   
No 1308 35.9 1.00   1.00  
Yes 1295 45.4 1.49 (1.24–1.78) 0.000 1.12 (0.87–1.43) 0.376
No condom use with last non-regular partner     0.677   
No 208 35.5 1.00    
Yes 309 37.2 1.07 (0.77–1.50) 0.677 ---