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Table 3 Regression equation for the influence of age, gender, and country on each ASE determinant

From: Mediated, moderated and direct effects of country of residence, age, and gender on the cognitive and social determinants of adolescent smoking in Spain and the UK: a cross-sectional study

  Advantages Disadvantages Social
acceptance
Social norms Modelling Perceived
pressure
Self-efficacy
  B
(95%CI)
B
(95%CI)
B
(95%CI)
B
(95%CI)
B
(95%CI)
B
(95%CI)
B
(95%CI)
Country, age
and gender
       
   UK females 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
   UK males 0.00 -0.06 0.06 -0.14 -0.02 -0.13 0.07
   Spanish females 0.19 0.08 1.64 0.09 -0.16 0.17 1.83
   Spanish males 0.27 0.28 1.34 0.24 -0.01 0.29 1.92
Main effects
and interaction
terms
       
   Gender        
   Male 0.00
(-0.05–0.06)
-0.06
(-0.12–-0.01)*
0.06
(-0.01–0.12)
-0.14
(-0.20–-0.08)***
-0.02
(-0.07–0.04)
-0.13
(-0.16–-0.10)***
0.07
(-0.03–0.17)
   Country        
   Spain 0.19
(0.12–0.26)***
0.08
(0.01–0.16)*
1.64
(1.55–1.74)***
0.09
(0.01–0.18)*
-0.16
(-0.23–-0.09)***
0.17
(0.12–0.21)***
1.83
(1.70–1.96)***
   Gender * country        
   Males * Spain 0.08
(0.00–0.15)*
0.20
(0.12–0.28)***
-0.30
(-0.40–-0.20)***
0.15
(0.06–0.23)**
0.15
(0.07–0.22)***
0.12
(0.07–0.16)***
0.09
(-0.04–0.23)
  1. * < 0.05
  2. ** < 0.01
  3. *** < 0.001
  4. † Combines country main effects, gender main effects, and country × gender interactions
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