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Table 1 Summary of the questions pertaining to the ASE determinants and intention

From: Mediated, moderated and direct effects of country of residence, age, and gender on the cognitive and social determinants of adolescent smoking in Spain and the UK: a cross-sectional study

ASE determinant Question topics Range and meaning Cronbach's alpha
Intention Do you want to be a smoker in the future -3 definitely
0 don't know
+3 definitely not
N/A
Attitudes    
   Advantages Smoking positively affects
Taste
When bored,
When nervous
-3 strongly agree
0 uncertain
+1 disagree
0.67(Spain)
0.85(UK)
   Disadvantages Smoking negatively affects ...
General health
Passive smoking
Coughing
Fitness
Breathing
Smoking being a silly thing to do
-1 disagree
0 uncertain
+3 strongly agree
0.70(Spain)
0.82(UK)
   Social acceptance Smoking positively affects ...
Getting on with friends,
Joining in with other people,
Meeting new people,
Being teased
-3 strongly agree
0 uncertain
+3 strongly disagree
0.81(Spain)
0.63(UK)
Social influences    
   Social norms What do the following people think about you smoking?
Most people who are important to me
Mother,
Father,
Brother (s),
Sister(s),
Friends
Best friend
-3 definitely think I should smoke
0 uncertain
+3 definitely think I should not smoke
N/A
   Modeling 1 Do the following people smoke
Mother
Father
Siblings,
Best friend
-4 do smoke-
0 do not smoke
N/A
   Modeling 2 How many of the following people smoke
Friends,
Classmates,
Teachers
-4 most smoke
-3 a lot smoke
-2 half smoke
-1 few smoke
0 none smoke
N/A
   Perceived pressure How often have you felt pressure to smoke from Mother,
Father,
Brother(s),
Sister (s),
Friends,
Best friend,
Class mates,
Teachers,
Relatives,
-4 very often
0 never
N/A
Self-efficacy How easy is it not to smoke if you don't want to
When with others who are smoking,
When with friends who are smoking,
When offered a cigarette,
When parent offers a cigarette,
When teased because you don't want a cigarette
-3 it would be very difficult to resist
0 uncertain
+3 it would be very easy to resist
0.88(Spain)
0.92(UK)
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