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Table 3 Factors associated with first alcohol use in the study sample (n = 1183)

From: Association of parents' alcohol use and family interaction with the initiation of alcohol use by sixth graders: A preliminary study in Taiwan

  Model 1 Model 2
Variable β OR 95%CI β OR 95%CI
Sex: male/female 0.19 1.20 0.88–1.66 0.13 1.14 0.82–1.59
Area: Hsinchu/Taipei 0.02 1.03 0.72–1.46 -0.05 0.96 0.67–1.37
Parent's marital status/living arrangements: Married and living together/other -0.17 0.84 0.44–1.62 -0.18 0.83 0.43–1.61
Household income (NT$/month):       
   <40,000/>100,000 -0.59 0.55 0.29–1.07 -0.68* 0.51 0.26–0.98
   40,000–100,000/>100,000 -0.10 0.91 0.61–1.36 -0.12 0.89 0.59–1.33
Father's education level       
   Middle school and below/university or research institute -0.62 0.54 0.26–1.12 -0.70 0.50 0.24–1.05
   High school/university or research institute 0.11 1.11 0.71–1.75 0.12 1.12 0.71–1.78
Mother's education level       
   Middle school and below/university or research institute 0.27 1.32 0.67–2.59 0.27 1.31 0.66–2.61
   High school/university or research institute -0.23 0.80 0.49–1.30 -0.27 0.77 0.47–1.25
Parents' matched alcohol use group       
   Both parents ever-users/both never-users 0.48* 1.62 1.01–2.59 0.50* 1.64 1.02–2.64
   Mother ever-user, father never-user/both never-users 0.50 1.65 0.83–3.27 0.46 1.58 0.79–3.18
   Father ever-user, mother never-user/both never-users 0.25 1.28 0.89–1.85 0.21 1.24 0.86–1.79
Parental support (score 7–28)     -0.05** 0.95 0.92–0.99
Family conflict (score 5–20)     0.10* 1.11 1.02–1.20
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01