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Table 1 Predictors of alcohol use in the study sample

From: Association of parents' alcohol use and family interaction with the initiation of alcohol use by sixth graders: A preliminary study in Taiwan

  Total Alcohol use group
Variable (n = 1183)
n %
mean ± SD
Never-user (n = 1000)
n %
mean ± SD
First-time user (n = 183)
n %
mean ± SD
  
Sex        χ2 = 2.45  
   Male 545 46.1 451 45.1 94 51.4   
   Female 638 53.9 549 54.9 89 48.6   
Residential area        χ2 = 0.12  
   Taipei 639 54.0 538 53.8 101 55.2   
   Hsinchu 544 46.0 462 46.2 82 44.8   
Parents' marital status/living arrangements        χ2 = 0.34  
   Married and live together 1109 93.7 938 93.8 171 93.4   
   Other 74 6.3 62 6.2 12 6.6   
Household monthly income (NTD)         
   <40000 173 14.6 156 15.6 17 9.3 χ2 = 5.23  
   40000–100000 657 55.5 552 55.2 105 57.4   
   >100000 353 29.8 292 29.2 61 33.3   
Father's education level        χ2 = 5.80  
   Middle school and below 156 13.2 142 14.2 14 7.7   
   High school 674 57.0 563 56.3 111 60.7   
   University or research institute 353 29.8 295 29.5 58 31.7   
Mother's education level        χ2 = 1.72  
   Middle school and below 165 13.9 138 13.8 27 14.8   
   High school 784 66.3 670 67.0 114 62.3   
   University or research institute 234 19.8 192 19.2 42 23.0   
Parents' matched alcohol use group        χ2 = 5.56  
   Both parents ever-users 167 14.1 135 13.5 32 17.5   
   Mother ever-user, father never-user 60 5.1 48 4.8 12 6.6   
   Father ever-user, mother never-user 431 36.4 360 36.0 71 38.8   
   Both parents never-users 525 44.4 457 45.7 68 37.2   
Parental support (score 7–28) 21.9 ± 5.0   22.1 ± 4.9   20.8 ± 5.3   t = 3.36 **
Family conflict (score 5–20) 8.8 ± 2.0   8.8 ± 1.9   9.2 ± 2.1   t = -2.63 **
  1. **p < .01
  2. Never-user defined as never used alcohol in 2002 and 2003, first-time user defined as never used alcohol in 2002 but ever used alcohol in 2003