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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants (n = 540)

From: Socio-demographic, health-related and psychosocial correlates of fear of falling and avoidance of activity in community-living older persons who avoid activity due to fear of falling

Socio-demographic
   -Age (mean, SD, range) 77.6 4.8 70 – 92
   -Female (n, %) 388 72%  
   -Low education (n, %)1 338 63%  
   -Living alone (n, %) 295 55%  
Health-related
   -Activity of daily living (mean, SD, range)2 17.3 4.5 11 – 40
   -Impaired vision (mean, SD, range)2 2.9 1.5 2 – 8
   -Impaired hearing (mean, SD, range)2 2.8 1.1 2 – 7
   -Poor/fair perceived general health (n, %) 375 69%  
   -Number of chronic conditions (mean, SD, range) 2.3 1.6 0 – 9
   -Cognitive functioning (mean, SD, range)3 32.0 3.8 16 – 40
   -One or more falls in previous six months (n, %) 298 55%  
Psychosocial
   -General self-efficacy (mean, SD, range)3 54.2 11.1 16 – 80
   -Mastery (mean, SD, range)3 21.2 4.6 9 – 35
   -Social support interactions (mean, SD, range)3 29.5 6.7 12 – 48
   -Feelings of loneliness (n, % all the time/mostly/often) 91 17%  
   -Feelings of anxiety (mean, SD, range)2 7.4 4.5 0 – 21
   -Symptoms of depression (mean, SD, range)2 6.8 4.0 0 – 19
Fear of falling
   - Mild (n, %) 298 55%  
   - Severe (n, %) 242 45%  
Avoidance of activity
   - Mild (n, %) 315 58%  
   - Severe (n, %) 225 42%  
  1. 1 Low education refers to elementary school, junior high school or lower vocational level. 2 Higher level refers to poorer functioning. 3 Higher level refers to better functioning