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Table 2 Selected demographic characteristics of study participants, by gender, Japanese Public Health Center Cohort study 1.

From: Education level and physical functional limitations among Japanese community residents-gender difference in prognosis from stroke

  Male (n = 13,778) Female (n = 15,356)
N (%) 14 and younger
6,154 (44.7)
15 to 17
5,702 (41.4)
18 and older
1,922 (14.0)
p-value 14 and younger
7,947 (51.8)
15 to 17
5,694 (37.1)
18 and older
1,715 (11.2)
p-value
Physical functional limitation level.         
   Need assistance when going outdoors 68 (1.1) 28 (0.5) 8 (0.4) <.0001 92 (1.2) 23 (0.4) 10 (0.6) <.0001
   Need assistance to carry out daily living activities indoors 40 (0.7) 18 (0.3) 2 (0.1)   31 (0.4) 7 (0.1) 1 (0.1)  
Age group         
   50–59 2,529 (41.1) 3,252 (57.0) 1,190 (61.9) <.0001 3,185 (40.1) 3,287 (57.7) 1,158 (67.5) <.0001
   60–69 3,625 (58.9) 2,450 (43.0) 732 (38.1)   4,762 (59.9) 2,407 (42.3) 557 (32.5)  
Marital status         
   Never married/divorced/separated 1,272 (20.7) 747 (13.1) 222 (11.6) <.0001 2,766 (34.8) 1,283 (22.5) 390 (22.7) <.0001
History of stroke         
   Yes 260 (4.2) 197 (3.5) 53 (2.8) 0.005 179 (2.3) 75 (1.3) 29 (1.7) 0.0003
Smoking         
   Never smoker 1,913 (31.2) 1,671 (29.4) 592 (30.9) <.0001 7,471 (94.8) 5,398 (95.2) 1,603 (94.1) 0.09
   Past smoker 1,709 (27.8) 1,647 (29.0) 625 (32.6)   34 (2.0) 68 (1.2) 34 (2.0)  
   Current smoker 2,516 (41.0) 2,364 (41.6) 699 (36.5)   308 (3.9) 201 (3.6) 66 (3.9)  
Physical activities         
   Almost none 2,108 (49.3) 1,787 (39.3) 628 (38.1) <.0001 2,480 (46.9) 1,708 (41.0) 567 (41.1) <.0001
   1–3 times/month) 893 (20.9) 1,334 (29.4) 516 (31.3   887 (16.8) 817 (19.6) 286 (20.7)  
   More than once/week 1,271(29.8) 1,423 (31.3) 506 (30.7)   1,925 (36.4) 1,641 (39.4) 527 (38.2)  
Alcohol intake         
   Drinker 4,468 (73.0) 4,556 (80.2) 1,533 (80.0) <.0001 1,450 (18.4) 1,555 (27.4) 521 (30.7) <.0001
   Quitter 472 (7.7) 106 (5.5) 287 (5.1)   107 (1.4) 54 (1.0) 28 (1.7)  
   Non drinker 1,182 (19.3) 838 (14.8) 277 (14.5)   6,314 (80.2) 4,057 (71.6) 1,151 (67.7)