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Table 3 Nutritional items given to infants of HIV-positive mothers and mothers in the general population using 24-hour recall (age categorised)

From: Infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers and the general population mothers: comparison of two cross-sectional surveys in Eastern Uganda

Food items (age categorised) HIV-positive
n = 235 (%)
General-population mothers
n = 727 (%)
Chi-square
p (χ 2 )
0 – 5 months    
   Water 20 (54) 94 (23) < 0.001
   Herbal water or gripe water 5 (17) 24 (6)  
   Fruit juice, tea with sugar etc 10 (27) 68 (16)  
   Non-human milks 20 (54) 146 (35) < 0.05
   Staple food (maize, beans etc) 18 (49) 60 (14) < 0.001
   Meat, egg or fish 2 (5) 8 (2)  
   Number of items given last 24 hours    < 0.001
None 9 (24) 187 (45)  
1 – 2 11 (30) 152 (37)  
3 – 5 8 (22) 63 (15)  
6 – 9 5 (14) 11 (3)  
10 or more 4 (11) 1 (0.2)  
6 – 11 months    
   Water 43 (84) 220 (71) < 0.05
   Herbal water or gripe water 2 (4) 16 (5)  
   Fruit juice, tea with sugar etc 26 (51) 142 (46)  
   Non-human milks 33 (65) 171 (55)  
   Staple food (maize, beans etc) 50 (98) 252 (81) 0.001
   Meat, egg or fish 20 (39) 55 (18) 0.001
   Number of items given last 24 hours    0.001
None 0 (0) 11 (4)  
1 – 2 2 (4) 75 (24)  
3 – 5 19 (37) 121 (39)  
6 – 9 24 (47) 80 (26)  
10 or more 6 (12) 25 (8)