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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for HIV-positive mothers and mothers from the general population

From: Infant feeding among HIV-positive mothers and the general population mothers: comparison of two cross-sectional surveys in Eastern Uganda

  HIV-positive
n = 235 (%)
General-population mothers
n = 727 (%)
Chi-square
p (χ 2 )
Gender of infant    
   Girl 109 (46) 346 (48)  
   Boy 126 (54) 381 (52)  
Age of infant    
   < 6 months 37 (16) 415 (57)  
   6 – 11 months 53 (23) 312 (43)  
   12 – 17 months 64 (27)   
   18 – 23 months 81 (34)   
Mother's education    
   None 27 (11) 59 (8) < 0.01
   Stopped in primary 125 (53) 301 (41)  
   Completed primary (7 years) 39 (17) 139 (19)  
   Secondary education 37 (16) 183 (25)  
   Higher education (12 years and above) 7 (3) 45 (6)  
Father's education    
   None 14 (6) 40 (6)  
   Stopped in primary 72 (32) 161 (26)  
   Completed primary (7 years) 62 (27) 154 (25)  
   Secondary education 50 (22) 177 (29)  
   Higher education (12 years and above) 30 (13) 83 (14)  
Mother is farming    
   Yes 201 (86) 507 (70) < 0.001
   No 34 (14) 218 (30)  
Marital status    
   Married or cohabiting 91 (39) 667 (92) < 0.001
   Widowed 112 (48) 6 (1)  
   Separated or divorced 28 (12) 13 (2)  
   Single 4 (2) 41 (6)  
Owning land and/or house    < 0.01
   Yes 162 (69) 561 (78)  
   No 73 (31) 154 (22)  
   Rural 205 (87) 401 (55) < 0.001
   Urban 30 (13) 326 (45)  
Socio-economic wealth index    
   Poorest quintile 65 (28) 122 (17) < 0.001
   2nd quintile 49 (21) 141 (20)  
   3rd quintile 52 (22) 143 (20)  
   4th quintile 38 (16) 148 (21)  
   Least poor quintile 30 (13) 159 (22)  
Mother's age    < 0.001
   ≤ 19 2 (1) 129 (18)  
   20 – 24 20 (9) 247 (34)  
   25 – 29 61 (26) 146 (20)  
   30 – 34 85 (36) 134 (19)  
   ≥ 35 67 (29) 64 (9)  
Number of siblings    < 0.001
   None 12 (5) 175 (24)  
   1 41 (17) 148 (20)  
   2–3 82 (35) 196 (27)  
   ≥ 4 100 (43) 205 (28)  
Crowdedness, no. of people per room    < 0.001
   0 – 2 43 (18) 155 (21)  
   2 – 4 68 (29) 343 (47)  
   4 – 6 67 (29) 142 (20)  
   ≥ 6 57 (24) 86 (12)