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Table 4 Mean score of cons of cancer screening

From: Cancer screening in a middle-aged general population: factors associated with practices and attitudes

  Mean score of cons of cancer screening
  All Women Men
   p-value1   p-value1   p-value1
Sex   < 0.001     
   Women 30.4      
   Men 41.5      
Age groups   0.16   0.47   0.35
   30–39 years 35.4   31.4   41.4  
   40–49 years 36.7   30.4   42.8  
   50–60 years 34.3   29.4   40.3  
Education (N = 2270)   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   elementary school 43.5   40.5   47.6  
   vocational training 38.9   32.2   45.8  
   high school diploma 36.0   30.8   43.2  
   technical school 33.1   29.3   38.0  
   University 29.5   24.2   36.0  
Born in Switzerland (N = 2272)   0.021   0.32   0.009
   Yes 34.4   29.9   39.8  
   No 36.9   31.3   43.8  
Gainful employment (N = 2252)   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   Yes 34.1   28.8   40.0  
   No 41.7   36.9   51.7  
Net monthly household income (N = 2176; Swiss Francs)a   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   < = 2'000 48.1   46.3   51.1  
   2'001–4'000 42.4   36.8   53.1  
   4'001–8'000 36.3   30.6   43.3  
   > 8'000 29.1   22.9   34.5  
Visited a doctor for a health problem in the past 6 months (N = 2275)   < 0.001   < 0.001   0.18
   Yes 33.7   28.9   40.7  
   No 38.8   34.3   42.7  
Hospitalisation in the last 6 months (N = 2277)   0.512   0.69   0.49
   Yes 36.6   31.4   43.2  
   No 35.3   30.4   41.3  
Medical treatment for a chronic health problem (> 3 months) (N = 2274)   0.384   0.60   0.81
   Yes 34.7   29.9   41.2  
   No 35.7   30.7   41.6  
Personal cancer history (N = 2284)   < 0.001   0.001   0.17
   No 36.0   31.1   41.8  
   Yes 27.3   21.0   36.9  
Global health self evaluation (N = 2274)   0.002   0.051   0.049
   Excellent 36.0   31.9   41.6  
   very good 33.8   28.8   39.9  
   Good 35.4   30.2   41.5  
   Fair 43.0   37.9   49.1  
   Poor 39.5   33.7   50.5  
Number of health related preventive behaviours   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   0–3 42.9   35.3   48.0  
   4 37.3   32.9   42.0  
   5 32.8   29.7   37.2  
   6 29.8   26.6   36.4  
Number of type of test screening in the past three years   < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   0 44.9   44.2   45.1  
   1 36.5   36.0   37.4  
   2 26.1   24.6   33.0  
   3 17.8   17.3   21.1  
   4 17.0   17.0   -  
  1. a In 2004, 1 Swiss Franc was equal to 0.46 GBP.
  2. 1 p-value: one-way ANOVA