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Table 4 Injury patterns and relative injury risk for riders and pillions

From: Crash characteristics and patterns of injury among hospitalized motorised two-wheeled vehicle users in urban India

ICD-10 body region* Rider
(n = 252)
Pillion
(n = 126)
Relative risk (RR) of injury (referent: pillions)
  N (%) injured N (%) injured RR 95% CI
Head and Neck     
   Superficial 93 (36.9%) 35 (27.8%) 1.33 0.96–1.84
   Open wound 95 (37.7%) 39 (31.0%) 1.22 0.89–1.65
   Fracture 26 (10.3%) 13 (10.3%) 1.0 0.53–1.87
   Intracranial 29 (11.5%) 14 (11.1%) 1.03 0.57–1.89
   Crush 5 (2.0%) 2 (1.6%) 1.25 0.24–6.35
   Traumatic amputation 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.8%) 0.50 0.03–7.92
   Other unspecified 23 (9.1%) 13 (10.3%) 0.88 0.46–1.68
   Neck, injury nerves 1 (0.4%) 0 (0.0%) - -
Thorax and Abdomen     
   Superficial 19 (7.5%) 6 (4.8%) 1.58 0.65–3.86
   Open wound 3 (1.2%) 2 (1.6%) 0.75 0.13–4.43
   Fracture 13 (5.2%) 3 (2.4%) 2.17 0.63–7.46
   Intra-thoracic organ, unspecified 1 (0.4%) 0 (0.0%) - -
   Intra-abdominal organs, injury 2 (0.8%) 2 (1.6%) 0.50 0.07–3.50
   Lumbar spine/pelvis: dislocation, sprain 1 (0.4%) 0 (0.0%) - -
   Other unspecified 11 (4.4%) 6 (4.8%) 0.92 0.35–2.42
Upper Extremity     
   Superficial 72 (28.6%) 29 (23.0%) 1.24 0.85–1.80
   Open wound 18 (7.1%) 4 (3.2%) 2.25 0.78–6.51
   Fracture 25 (9.9%) 12 (9.5%) 1.04 0.54–2.00
   Dislocation, sprain, joints & ligaments 1 (0.4%) 0 (0.0%) - -
   Crush 0 (0.0%) 2 (1.6%) - -
   Other unspecified 13 (5.2%) 4 (3.2%) 1.65 0.54–4.88
Lower Extremity     
   Superficial 56 (22.2%) 34 (27.0%) 0.82 0.57–1.19
   Open wound 24 (9.5%) 20 (15.9%) 0.60 0.35–1.04
   Fracture 46 (18.3%) 26 (20.6%) 0.88 0.57–1.36
   Dislocation, sprain, joints & ligaments 1 (0.4%) 0 (0.0%) - -
   Crush 4 (1.6%) 8 (6.3%) 0.25 0.08–0.81
   Other unspecified 5 (2.0%) 7 (5.6%) 0.35 0.11–1.10
  1. *ICD: International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems Version 10
  2. †CI: Confidence interval