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Table 3 Severity parameters and length of stay for riders and pillions presenting alive to hospital

From: Crash characteristics and patterns of injury among hospitalized motorised two-wheeled vehicle users in urban India

  Rider
(n = 241, 67%)
Pillion
(n = 119, 33%)
Total
(n = 360, 100%)
Patient discharge status    
   Alive 223 (92.5%) 113 (95%) 336 (93.3%)
   Died 18 (7.5%) 6 (5%) 24 (6.7%)
Injury Severity Score (ISS)    
   Mean (SD) 5.1 (7.2) 5.4 (8.0) 5.2 (7.5)
   Median 2 4 2
   Range 1 – 75 1 – 75 1 – 75
MAIS*    
   Minor (1) 122 (50.6%) 55 (46.2%) 177 (49.2%)
   Moderate (2) 57 (23.7%) 28 (23.5%) 85 (23.6%)
   Serious (3) 32 (13.3%) 24 (20.2%) 56 (15.6%)
   Severe (4) 19 (7.9%) 6 (5.0%) 25 (6.9%)
   Critical (5) 3 (1.2%) 0 (0%) 3 (0.8%)
   Maximum (6) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.8%) 2 (0.6%)
   Unknown 7 (2.9) 5 (4.2%) 12 (3.3%)
Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) on arrival at hospital†    
   13–15 185 (76.8%) 91 (76.5%) 276 (76.7%)
   9–12 29 (12.0%) 14 (11.8%) 43 (11.9%)
   3–8 27 (11.2%) 14 (11.8%) 41 (11.4%)
  1. *Highest AIS severity for each region
  2. †GCS 13 – 15 indicates mild or no traumatic brain injury, GCS 9 – 12 moderate injury and GCS 3 – 8 severe injury