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Table 3 Association between body image disturbance and incidence of depressiona in participants of the SUN study according to sex.

From: Relationship between body image disturbance and incidence of depression: the SUN prospective cohort

  Sex
  Male Female
  Body image disturbance Body image disturbance
  None Underestimated Overestimated None Underestimated Overestimated
Cases 78 83 1 218 108 10
Total 1875 2397 96 3604 2145 169
OR (95% CI)b 1 (ref.) 0.83 (0.60 – 1.13) 0.24 (0.03 – 1.78) 1 (ref.) 0.81 (0.64 – 1.02) 1.02 (0.53 – 1.97)
OR (95% CI)c 1 (ref.) 0.83 (0.60 – 1.15) 0.23 (0.03 – 1.70) 1 (ref.) 0.84 (0.66 – 1.07) 0.81 (0.39 – 1.69)
OR (95% CI)d 1 (ref.) 0.83 (0.60 – 1.16) 0.21 (0.03 – 1.55) 1 (ref.) 0.85 (0.67 – 1.08) 0.82 (0.40 – 1.70)
  1. Odds Ratio (OR); 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI); a Depression was defined as a physician diagnosis or the use of antidepressants drugs; b Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for age; c Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for age, weight change in the past five years (none, lost, gain), marital status (unmarried, married, other), smoking (never, current smoker, past smoker), physical activity (METs-h/week), energy intake (Kcal/day), alcohol consumption (g/day), working hours (< 35 hours/week, >= 35 hours/week, unemployed), chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) at baseline; d Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for the same variables in (c) plus pregnancy and chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) during follow-up.