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Table 6 Cox regression indicating factors associated with premarital sex among the never-married youth aged 15–24, adjusted for socio-demographic factors (sex, age, literacy and school attendance) in Butajira, Ethiopia, 2004 (n = 3045)

From: Traditional values of virginity and sexual behaviour in rural Ethiopian youth: results from a cross-sectional study

Variable Sexual debut Crude HR and (95% CI) Adjusted HR and (95% CI)
  No Yes   
Sex     
   Female 1445 16 1.00 1.00
   Male 1496 88 5.07(3.10–8.60) 1.45 (0.80–2.62)
Age     
   15–19 2607 45 1.00  
   20–24 334 59 8.85 (6.09–12.85) 1.85 (1.19–2.91)
Literacy     
   Illiterate 611 2 1.00 1.00
   Literate 2330 102 12.85 (3.18–51.90) 18.01 (4.34–74.42)
School attendance     
   In school 1965 54 1.00 1.00
   Out of school 976 50 1.82 (1.24–2.65) 1.27 (0.82–1.96)
Belief in virginity norm     
   Yes 2638 69 1.00 1.00
   No 303 35 4.06 (2.74–6.00) 2.91 (1.92–4.40)
Alcohol use     
   No 2445 54 1.00 1.00
   Yes 495 50 4.24 (2.92–6.16) 2. 91 (1.97–4.29)
Khat     
   No 2183 30 1.00 1.00
   Yes 758 74 6.56 (4.32–9.95) 2.36 (1.45–3.85)