Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Age and sex-adjusted odds ratio (OR) for CVD risk factors by categories of SES and urbanisation status*

From: Obesity and cardio-metabolic risk factors in urban adults of Benin: Relationship with socio-economic status, urbanisation, and lifestyle patterns

  Overall obesity Abdominal obesity Low HDL-cholesterol Hypertension
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) P
SES         
   Low (ref.) 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
   Medium 1.5 (0.5–4.7) 0.449 1.7 (0.7–4.2) 0.242 2.6 (0.9–8.2) 0.100 1.8 (0.7–4.0) 0.220
   High 9.7 (3.0–20.9) <0.001 2.6 (0.9–7.0) 0.066 1.7 (0.5–6.2) 0.439 1.4 (0.4–4.0) 0.586
Length of urban residence         
   ≤20 years (ref.) 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
   21–33 years 0.8 (0.3–2.1) 0.607 0.9 (0.4–2.2) 0.801 0.9 (0.3–2.7) 0.841 1.3 (1.1–6.9) 0.041
   ≥34 years 1.8 (0.7–5.1) 0.245 2.3 (0.9–5.7) 0.100 1.5 (0.5–4.3) 0.461 2.8 (1.1–6.9) 0.031
Birthplace         
   Rural (ref.) 1.0   1.0   1.0   1.0  
   Urban 0.8 (0.3–1.8) 0.542 1.4 (0.6–3.1) 0.410 0.9 (0.4–2.4) 0.893 0.8 (0.3–1.8) 0.533
  1. * Logistic regression analysis was not performed for diabetes and hypertriglyceridemia because they were almost non-existent in the study sample.
  2. Overall obesity (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 5.684; p = 0.683
  3. Abdominal obesity (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 3.950; p = 0.862
  4. Hypertension (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 4.316; p = 0.826
  5. Low HDL-cholesterol (dependent variable): Hosmer and Lemshow test: χ2 = 6.697; p = 0.570