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Table 4 Anthropometric and biological characteristics of the subjects and prevalence of CVD risk factors

From: Obesity and cardio-metabolic risk factors in urban adults of Benin: Relationship with socio-economic status, urbanisation, and lifestyle patterns

  All (n = 200) Men (n = 100) Women (n = 100) P*
Biological variables**     
   BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 (5.6) 23.4 (4.4) 28.1 (5.8) <0.001
   WC (cm) 87.8 (13.3) 84.4 (12.7) 92.1 (13.1) <0.001
   TG (mmol/l) 0.8 (0.4) 0.9 (0.4) 0.7 (0.3) 0.005
   HDL-chol (mmol/l) 1.3 (0.3) 1.2 (0.3) 1.3 (0.4) 0.002
   SBP (mmHg) 124.4 (21.7) 121.9 (19.0) 126.9 (24.0) 0.103
   DBP (mmHg) 73.8 (12.9) 72.0 (11.7) 75.5 (13.8) 0.054
   FPG (mmol/l) 4.6 (0.6) 4.6 (0.6) 4.6 (0.5) 0.785
Prevalence of CVD risk factor***     
Overall obesity 18 (13.1–23.6) 8 (3.7–14.4) 28 (19.9–37.2) <0.001
Abdominal obesity 32.5 (23.6–39.2) 11 (5.9–18.1) 54 (44.3–63.5) <0.001
Hypertension 23 (17.5–29.1) 20 (13–28.5) 26 (18.1–35.1) 0.401
Hypertriglyceridemia 2 (1.0–4.6) 3 (0.7–7.7) 1 (0–4.6) 0.621
Low HDL cholesterol 13 (8.8–18.1) 10 (5.1–16.9) 16 (9.7–21.0) 0.293
Diabetes 0.5 (0.0–2.3) 1 (0–4.6) 0  
  1. * For difference between sex groups (t-test or χ2-test).
  2. **Values are expressed as mean (standard deviation)
  3. *** Values are expressed as prevalence (95% CI)