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Table 3 Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of participants

From: Obesity and cardio-metabolic risk factors in urban adults of Benin: Relationship with socio-economic status, urbanisation, and lifestyle patterns

  All (n = 200) Men (n = 100) Women (n = 100) P*
Age (years) 38.9 ± 9.8 37.8 ± 9.9 39.9 ± 9.6 0.119
Birthplace (%)     
   Rural 35.5 35 36 0.500
   Urban 64.5 65 64  
Length of urban residence (%)     
   ≤20 years 34 30 38 0.485
   21–33 years 34.5 37 32  
   ≥34 years 31.5 33 30  
Education level (%)     
   None 17 6 28 <0.001
   Primary 29.5 24 35  
   Secondary or higher 53.5 70 37  
Occupation (%)     
   Unskilled 62 57 67 0.296
   Semi-skilled 12.5 13 12  
   Skilled 25.5 30 21  
Household amenities (%)     
   Low 23.5 18 29 0.090
   Medium 47 54 40  
   High 29.5 28 31  
SES score 3.1 ± 1.9 3.5 ± 1.7 2.7 ± 1.9 0.002
  1. * For difference between sex groups (two-sided t-test or χ2-test)
  2. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation or percentages
  3. SES score included education level, occupation and household amenities