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Table 1 Diet Quality Score (DQS) construction

From: Obesity and cardio-metabolic risk factors in urban adults of Benin: Relationship with socio-economic status, urbanisation, and lifestyle patterns

Individual component Score
Healthfulness (0–8 points)  
  Fat % energy 15–30% = 1; No = 0
  SFA % energy <10% = 1; No = 0
  PUFA % energy 6–10% = 1; No = 0
  Sugars % energy <10% = 1; No = 0
  Protein % energy 10–15% = 1; No = 0
  Cholesterol intake <300 mg/d = 1; No = 0
  Fibre intake >25 g/d = 1; No = 0
  Fruit and vegetable intake ≥400 g/d = 1; No = 0
Micronutrient adequacy (0–7 points)  
   Vitamin A adequacy  
   Vitamin E adequacy  
   Vitamin C adequacy  
   Thiamin adequacy  
   Riboflavin adequacy  
   Niacin adequacy  
   Vitamin B6 adequacy Micronutrient intake is ≥100% of recommended
daily intake = 0.5; Micronutrient intake <100% of RDI = 0
   Vitamin B12 adequacy  
   Pantothenic acid adequacy  
   Folate adequacy  
   Magnesium adequacy  
   Calcium adequacy  
   Iron adequacy  
   Zinc adequacy  
Diet Quality Score (0–15 points) 1st quartile (0–8) = 0
  2nd quartile (8.5–10) = 1
  3rd quartile (10.5–11) = 2
  4th quartile (11.5–15) = 3
  1. SFA: Saturated fatty acids; PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acids