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Table 3 Factors Associated with HSV-2, HIV and Syphilis Infection Among Male Sex Partners of Pregnant Women; Peru, 2003–2004.

From: Prevalence of HIV, Herpes Simplex Virus-2, and Syphilis in male sex partners of pregnant women in Peru

Risk Factor HSV-2 Syphilis HIV Unadjusted OR (95% CI)
  Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (p-value, 95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)  
Age (per additional year) 1.07 (1.05 – 1.08) - 1.06 (1.02 – 1.10) 1.04 (1.00 – 1.09) 1.00 0.93 – 1.07
# Lifetime sexual partners (per additional partner) 1.01 (1.00 – 1.01) - 1.01 (1.00 – 1.01) 1.00 (1.00 – 1.01) 1.00 (0.97 – 1.02)
# Sexually active years (per additional year) 1.07 (1.05 – 1.08) 1.07 (<0.001, 1.05 – 1.09) 1.06 (1.02 – 1.10) - 1.00 (0.94 – 1.07)
History of sex with men, lifetime 2.22 (1.57 – 3.11) - 1.78 (0.67 – 4.75) - 2.06 (0.57 – 7.31)
History of sex with FSW, lifetime 1.68 (1.30 – 2.17) - 1.47 (0.70 – 3.11)   0.85 (0.29 – 2.48)
Non-injection illegal drug use, last year 1.82 (1.19 – 2.79) 2.23 (0.008, 1.43 – 3.49) 1.03 (0.24 – 4.39) - 2.08 (0.46 – 9.29)
HSV-2 infection - - 3.50 (1.62 – 7.55) 2.09 (0.89 – 4.91) 8.12 (2.86 – 22.96)
Syphilis infection 3.50 (1.62 – 7.55) - - - N/A°
HIV infection 8.12 (2.86 – 22.96) 8.58 (<0.001, 2.95 – 24.99) N/A° N/A° -
  1. *<0.05 †<0.01 ‡ <0.001
  2. °Values could not be determined due to the absence of cases of HIV/Syphilis co-infection in the study population.