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Table 3 Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to socio-economic status, in males.

From: Gender, socio-economic status and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and old adults

  Metabolic syndrome n (%) OR* (95% CI) OR** (95% CI)
Age (years)    
   40–49 22 (11.2) 1 1
   50–59 35 (17.5) 1.68 (0.94–2.98) 1.55 (0.86–2.78)
   60–69 44 (22.6) 2.31 (1.32–4.02) 1.82 (1.02–3.26)
   >69 30 (18.3) 1.77 (0.98–3.21) 1.38 (0.72–2.64)
  0.026 §  
Marital status    
   Not married 18 (21.3) 1 1
   Married 113 (16.8) 0.77 (0.43–1.37) 0.86 (0.48–1.57)
  0.330   
Education (years)    
   0–4 51 (17.2) 1.08 (0.64–1.81) 1.21 (0.71–2.07)
   5–11 50 (18.8) 1.26 (0.76–2.10) 1.30 (0.78–2.18)
   ≥ 12 20 (14.8) 1 1
  0.585   
Occupation    
   Active 60 (14.7) 1 1
   Retired 65 (20.4) 1.36 (0.79–2.36) 1.27 (0.72–2.24)
   Unemployed 6 (23.1) 1.71 (0.66–4.44) 1.00 (0.33–2.18)
  0.085   
Social class    
   I 11 (11.8) 1 1
   II 14 (14.1) 1.22 (0.52–2.85) 1.20 (0.51–2.82)
   III 21 (15.8) 1.38 (0.63–3.03) 1.62 (0.73–3.60)
   IV 11 (17.7) 1.59 (0.64–3.95) 2.22 (0.87–5.68)
   V 3 (13.6) 1.16 (0.30–4.59) 1.64 (0.40–6.71)
   Not employed 71 (20.5) 1.79 (0.82–3.91) 1.73 (0.79–3.82)
  0.387   
Height tertiles (cm)    
   148.2–165.4 40 (14.3) 1 1
   165.5–171.3 51 (20.0) 1.61 (1.02–2.56) 1.67 (1.03–2.68)
   171.4–189.0 40 (18.7) 1.54 (0.94–2.52) 1.53 (0.92–2.55)
  0.184   
  1. * – OR age adjusted
  2. ** – OR adjusted for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, total physical activity, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.
  3. § – p for trend <0.05