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Table 1 Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual features according to demographic and socio-economic characteristics.

From: Gender, socio-economic status and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and old adults

  Waist circumference (>102; 88 cm) n (%) Triglycerides (≥ 150 mg/dL) n (%) Fasting glucose (≥ 110 mg/dL) n (%) Blood pressure (≥ 130/85 mm Hg) n (%) HDL cholesterol (< 40; 50 mg/dL) n (%) Metabolic syndrome n (%)
Gender       
   Female 555 (46.4) 242 (21.5) 148 (13.5) 850 (72.6) 292 (26.2) 300 (24.9)
   Male 133 (17.8) * 223 (30.8) * 128 (18.5) 552 (75.9) 131 (18.8) * 131 (17.4) *
Age (years)       
   40–49 116 (22.3) 114 (22.7) 36 (7.4) 226 (46.3) 121 (24.3) 60 (11.5)
   50–59 192 (34.6) 138 (26.0) 78 (15.0) 404 (72.8) 119 (23.0) 124 (22.0)
   60–69 208 (43.5) 135 (29.9) 95 (21.5) 414 (88.5) 107 (24.5) 155 (32.3)
   ≥ 70 172 (44.0) * 77 (21.3) * 67 (19.3) * 358 (92.7) * 76 (21.3) 92 (23.2) *
Marital Status       
   Married 210 (39.7) 111 (22.8) 66 (13.6) 399 (77.0) 146 (30.5) 127 (23.8)
   Not married 478 (33.8) * 351 (25.9) 210 (16.1) 1002 (72.8) 276 (20.8) * 304 (21.2)
Education (years)       
   ≤ 4 436 (47.1) 220 (25.3) 160 (19.0) 742 (81.3) 208 (24.3) 253 (27.1)
   5–11 166 (28.6) 144 (26.2) 77 (14.5) 397 (71.1) 120 (22.5) 114 (19.7)
   ≥ 12 86 (19.7)* 98 (23.3) 38 (9.2) * 260 (61.5) * 93 (22.3) 64 (14.0) *
Occupation       
   Active 237 (25.6) 218 (24.6) 97 (11.3) 546 (60.6) 204 (23.5) 145 (15.5)
   Retired 307 (41.7) 170 (24.8) 144 (21.5) 641 (88.8) 147 (21.9) 199 (26.8)
   Unemployed 28 (41.2) 18 (26.9) 10 (15.9) 50 (75.8) 15 (22.7) 17 (24.6)
   Housewives 116 (54.0) * 58 (28.3) 25 (12.5) * 165 (79.3) * 57 (28.1) 70 (32.3) *
Social class       
   I 40 (18.6) 51 (24.6) 15 (7.3) 114 (54.3) 40 (19.6) 24 (11.0)
   II 22 (12.8) 40 (24.0) 15 (9.5) 99 (57.9) 47 (28.8) 20 (11.4)
   III 71 (26.6) 64 (25.6) 32 (13.2) 155 (60.8) 57 (23.6) 45 (16.9)
   IV 43 (33.1) 35 (27.1) 20 (16.3) 82 (64.1) 31 (24.4) 29 (22.1)
   V 61 (43.3) 28 (20.9) 15 (11.5) 96 (70.1) 29 (21.8) 27 (18.9)
   Not employed 451 (44.3) * 246 (25.7) 179 (19.2) * 856 (85.9) * 219 (23.3) 286 (27.8) *
  1. * p < 0.05 – p value for the comparison between classes of the demographic and socio-economic characteristics.