Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between smoking, demographic, socio-economic & lifestyle characteristics (n = 501)

From: Key health promotion factors among male members of staff at a higher educational institution: A cross-sectional postal survey

Factors (b) Smoking status χ2-test Logistic Regression
  smoker (n = 47) non-smoker (n = 454)(a)     
  n % n % Unadjusted p value Adjusted p value OR(c) 95% CI
Age       0.7   
33 and under 7 10 64 90 0.1 - 1.0 Referent
34–42 12 9 119 91   0.4 1.6 0.5–5.1
43–50 12 10 106 90   0.2 2.4 0.7–8.8
51–59 11 8 120 92   0.5 1.6 0.4–6.3
60 and over 5 10 45 90   0.5 1.6 0.3–8.1
Marital status       0.01   
Single 15 16 79 84 0.01 - 1.0 Referent
Separated/divorced 28 7 358 93   0.01 0.3 0.1–0.7
Married/living with partner 4 19 17 81   0.9 0.9 0.2–4.1
Ethnicity         
White British or European 46 10 423 90 0.3 - 1.0 Referent
Other 1 3 31 97   0.2 0.3 0.03–2.4
Education/qualifications       0.5   
No qualifications 6 23 20 77 0.001 - 1.0 Referent
Standard/O grades/GCSEs&Higher/A levels 6 21 22 79   0.9 0.9 0.2–4.1
Vocational/Further education 3 6 50 94   0.3 0.4 0.1–2.5
University undergraduate degree 9 12 67 88   0.5 2.0 0.3–11.4
University postgraduate degree 23 7 295 93   0.7 1.5 0.2–10.1
Job title       0.003   
Professor/reader 6 7 75 93 < 0.001 - 1.0 Referent
Lecturer/senior lecturer 7 5 120 95   0.9 0.9 0.2–3.2
Research/teaching fellow/assistant 10 11 84 89   0.4 1.6 0.5–5.8
Administrative, secretarial &support technical 7 7 94 93   0.7 1.3 0.3–6.0
Support manual 15 34 29 66   0.02 18.3 2.8–121.4
Other 2 4 52 96   0.7 0.7 0.1–4.6
Alcohol status (drank less than recommended 21 units per week)
Yes 33 8 390 92 0.01 - 1.0 Referent
No 14 18 64 82   0.01 2.9 1.3–6.4
Physical activity level         
Yes (have met guidelines) 14 7 179 93 0.3 - 1.0 Referent
No (have not met guidelines) 33 11 275 89   0.03 2.3 1.1–4.9
  1. (a) current smokers vs. non-smokers & ex-smokers.
  2. (b) age, marital status, ethnicity, education, job, alcohol consumption, physical activity level as independent variables.