Skip to main content

Table 4 Associations between socio-demographic and psychosocial variables and lifetime and past year psychological abuse alone, age adjusted. N = 883

From: Intimate partner violence against women in rural Vietnam - different socio-demographic factors are associated with different forms of violence: Need for new intervention guidelines?

Variables Lifetime prevalence of psychological abuse alone (n = 230) Past year prevalence of psychological abuse alone (n = 224)
  % (n) with Violence OR (95%CI) % (n) with Violence OR (95%CI)
1. Respondent 's age     
   46–60 26.4 (73) 1 20.6 (57) 1
   30–45 25.1 (103 1.32 (0.68–2.53) 26.4 (107) 1.43 (0.73–2.80)
   17–29 27.5 (55) 1.96 (0.66–5.78) 30.0 (60) 1.76 (0.59–5.27)
2. Respondent's Education     
   High School & Higher Education 17.2 (23) 1 18.7 (25) 1
   Secondary school 29.5 (165) 2.00 (1.23–3.25) 29.3 (164) 1.83 (1.14–2.94)
   Primary School 22.2 (42) 1.29 (0.72–2.33) 18.5 (35) 1.19 (0.63–2.25)
3. Husband's Education     
   High School & Higher Education 25.6 (46) 1 22.8 (41) 1
   Secondary school 28.3 (136) 1.14 (0.77–1.69) 28.1 (135) 1.34 (0.89–2.00)
   Primary School 25.2 (40) 0.95 (0.58–1.55) 25.8 (41) 1.24 (0.75–2.04)
4. Annual household Income     
   > 570 USD 27.4 (96) 1 23.9 (84) 1
   288 – 570 USD 26.3 (93) 1.27 (0.83–1.95) 28.0 (99) 1.19 (0.85–1.68)
   < 288 USD 22.7 (40) 1.22 (0.80–1.86) 22.2 (39) 0.86 (0.56–1.33)
5. Number of children     
   From 1-2 children 25.1 (117) 1 26.2 (122) 1
   From 3 children and more 28.0 (109) 1.20 (0.84–1.73) 24.4 (95) 0.91 (0.67–1.24)
6. Husband's Working specifics     
   Professional 14.0 (24) 1 17.0 (29) 1
   Unskilled & semi-skilled 30.2 (173) 2.68 (1.68–4.28) 31.2 (179) 2.23 (1.44–3.44)
7. Husbands having more than one     
   wife/partner     
   No 27.6 (196) 1 26.9 (191) 1
   Yes 21.5 (28) 0.69 (0.44–1.10) 20.0 (26) 0.68 (0.43–1.08)
  1. OR: Odds ratios; CI: confidence interval.