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Table 4 Attributable percentage total population for tobacco use due to lack of education

From: Investigating socio-economic-demographic determinants of tobacco use in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Levels of Education ↓ Population in each group % Prevalence of tobacco use* % Prevalence in total population† % Attributable percentage total population $
No Formal Education 33 17 - -
Primary 19 12 12 0
Middle 18.2 11 12 8.3%
Matric 16.5 9 12 25%
FA/FSc 8.1 7 12 42%
Graduate & above 5.2 5.5 12 54.2%
  1. *Prevalence of tobacco use for each level of education adjusted for age, gender, urban/rural residence and family income. Adjusted proportions can be obtained using adjust command in stata, after regression command.
  2. †Prevalence in total population = (Prevalence in exposed group × % exposed group) + (Prevalence in unexposed group × % unexposed group) (0.17 × 0.33) + (0.09 × 0.67) = 0.116 = 12%
  3. 9% is the average tobacco consumption in the educated group and 70% is the total population of educated group. Comment: No Formal education group is the exposed group
  4. $ Attributable percentage of tobacco use in total population due to lack of education = prevalence in total population - prevalence in unexposed group
  5. Prevalence in total population