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Table 2 Hazard ratios (HR) and their 95 percent confidence intervals (95% CIs) related to increased incidence of drug imbursement due to diabetes for initially healthy male employees =<50 years and >50 years of age during the 18-year follow-up according to the level of sense of coherence (SOC)

From: Sense of coherence and diabetes: A prospective occupational cohort study

  N (no of diabetes cases) Model 1* Model 2†
   HR (95% CI) HR (95% CI)
Initial age =<50 years   p for trend = 0.007 p for trend = 0.017
   SOC    
Strong 1710 (81) 1.00 1.00
Medium 1799 (77) 0.95 (0.70–1.30) 0.94 (0.69–1.29)
Weak 1549 (96) 1.49 (1.08–2.07) 1.46 (1.05–2.03)
Initial age >50 years   p for trend = 0.961 p for trend = 0.958
   SOC    
Strong 286 (19) 1.00 1.00
Medium 296 (24) 1.04 (0.58–1.86) 1.05 (0.56–1.94)
Weak 187 (16) 0.89 (0.42–1.85) 0.95 (0.44–2.02)
  1. * Adjusted for age, education, marital status, psychological distress and self-rated health at baseline.
  2. † Additionally adjusted for smoking status, binge drinking and physical activity at baseline.