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Table 4 Community Participation and Physical Environment

From: Can the concept of Health Promoting Schools help to improve students' health knowledge and practices to combat the challenge of communicable diseases: Case study in Hong Kong?

  HSA Non-HPS p value
1. Schools Join community cleaning    
Primary 43.9% (219/509) 43.1% (291/675) 0.97
Secondary 23.6% (186/787) 19.2% (139/725) 0.04
2. school organize health promoting activities    
Primary 60.9% (310/509) 56.7% (382/674) 0.14
Secondary 53.7% (422/786) 37.0% (268/724) <0.001
3. Parents join school cleaning activities    
Primary 42.7% (217/508) 31.9% (215/675) <0.001
Secondary 20.3% (160/787) 8.6% (62/723) <0.001
4. Playgrounds perceived as very clean or clean    
Primary 72.2% (366/507) 61.6% (415/674) <0.001
Secondary 56.5% (444/786) 53.5% (386/721) 0.25
5. Classrooms perceived as very clean or clean    
Primary 73.6% (374/508) 68.5% (462/674) 0.058
Secondary 51.3% (404/787) 52.5% (380/724) 0.65
6. Toilets perceived as very clean or clean    
Primary 34.7% (176/507) 38.5% (259/673) 0.18
Secondary 29.7% (233/784) 27.6% (199/721) 0.36
7. Staircases perceived as very clean or clean    
Primary 77.2% (392/508) 76.2% (513/673) 0.71
Secondary 68.7% (540/786) 63.3% (457/722) 0.03
8. Tuckshop perceived as very clean or clean    
Primary 84.1% (428/509) 81.4% (407/500) 0.26
Secondary 60.2% (471/783) 53.3% (313/587) 0.01
9. Prefect for cleaning    
Primary 75.0% (382/509) 64.4% (435/675) <0.001
Secondary 52.5% (412/785) 34.2% (247/723) <0.001
10. Prefects for environment Protection    
Primary 63.1% (321/509) 59.7% (403/675) 0.24
Secondary 49.4% (388/786) 23.7% (171/723) <0.001