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Table 5 Likelihood of viral hepatitis co-infection using clinical features presented as odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) (n = 243)*

From: Hepatitis A, B and C viral co-infections among HIV-infected adults presenting for care and treatment at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Outcome Predictor OR (95% CI) p-value
HAV Nausea 4.18 (1.46 – 11.96) < 0.01
HBsAg Blood transfusion 2.59 (1.09 – 6.15) 0.03
HBcAb Jaundice 41.07 (6.78 – 248.89) < 0.01
  1. *CD 4+ T lymphocyte counts for 17 patients were lost and could not be traced.