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Table 3 Sero-prevalence of viral hepatitis markers according to demographic characteristics (n = 260)

From: Hepatitis A, B and C viral co-infections among HIV-infected adults presenting for care and treatment at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Characteristic Number tested Anti HAV-IgM + HBsAg + Anti HCV + Any Hepatitis +
  N n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age      
   18 – 29 51 1 (2.0) 12 (23.5) 7 (13.7) 16 (31.4)
   30 – 39 125 3 (2.4) 16 (12.8) 22 (17.6) 38 (30.4)
   40 – 49 59 3 (5.1) 15 (25.4) 9 (15.3) 25 (42.4)
   50+ 25 1 (4.0) 2 (8.0) 9 (36.0) 11 (44.0)
P*-value   ** 0.06 0.09 0.28
Sex      
Male 78 1 (1.3) 17 (21.8) 10 (12.8) 27 (34.6)
Female 182 7 (3.8) 28 (15.4) 37 (20.3) 63 (34.6)
P* value   0.442* 0.211 0.149 1
Education      
Primary & Below 169 4 (2.4) 29 (17.2) 35 (20.7) 62 (36.7)
Secondary & Above 91 4 (4.4) 16 (17.6) 12 (13.2) 28 (30.8)
P* value   0.456* 0.932 0.133 0.339
Marital status      
Never Married 67 2 (3.0) 14 (20.9) 12 (17.9) 24 (35.8)
Currently Married 130 5 (3.8) 23 (17.7) 18 (13.8) 41 (31.5)
Divorced/Widowed 63 1 (1.6) 8 (12.7) 17 (27.0) 25 (39.7)
P* value   ** 0.460 0.084 0.522
  1. 1. Key: * = fishers' exact test ** = no test done due to small numbers. "Any hepatitis" = positivity of any of the viral markers tested antibodies
  2. 2. P* value compares the proportion on each marker by various sociodemographic categories