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Table 2 Distribution of parameters measured with respect to sex and geographic area of domicile

From: Blood pressure patterns in relation to geographic area of residence: a cross-sectional study of adolescents in Kogi state, Nigeria

  Male subjects Female subjects
  Urban
(n = 185)
Non-urban
(n = 430)
p Urban
(n = 217)
Non-urban
(n = 256)
p
Age (years) 16.72 ± 1.74 14.36 ± 2.14 <0.00 15.70 ± 1.55 14.40 ± 2.15 <0.00
Systolic BP (mmHg)       
Unadjusted 117.45 ± 21.53 108.20 ± 12.12 <0.00 114.82 ± 17.95 106.03 ± 13.06 <0.00
Age-adjusted 114.58 ± 19.21 109.65 ± 12.08 0.03 113.64 ± 17.83 105.66 ± 13.23 <0.00
Height-adjusted 115.53 ± 21.14 109.99 ± 11.94 <0.01 114.82 ± 17.95 105.60 ± 12.18 <0.00
Diastolic BP (mmHg)       
Unadjusted 55.59 ± 16.75 59.19 ± 8.67 <0.00 60.82 ± 14.59 60.18 ± 8.34 0.55
Age-adjusted 52.63 ± 16.05 59.89 ± 7.79 <0.01 60.96 ± 14.35 60.30 ± 8.32 0.60
Height-adjusted 54.72 ± 16.73 60.59 ± 8.00 <0.00 60.82 ± 14.59 59.99 ± 8.36 0.46
Weight (kg) 56.17 ± 8.54 50.27 ± 9.49 <0.00 51.30 ± 8.03 51.12 ± 9.59 0.83
Height (m) 1.63 ± 0.06 1.57 ± 0.09 <0.00 1.55 ± 0.07 1.57 ± 0.08 0.01
BMI (kg/m2) 20.74 ± 3.27 20.33 ± 3.11 0.14 21.35 ± 3.37 20.60 ± 2.97 0.01
  1. n, p and BP represent number of participants, level of significance and blood pressure respectively
  2. Data (mean ± standard deviation) are for age, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, weight, height and body mass index of all the subjects studied (1088 in number) distributed according to their sexes and geographic area of residence as follows: urban dwellers [Males (n = 185), Females (n = 217)], non-urban dwellers [Males (n = 430), Females (n = 256)]