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Table 3 Multiple logistic regression on sexual abstinence behavior

From: Sexual abstinence behavior among never-married youths in a generalized HIV epidemic country: evidence from the 2005 Côte d'Ivoire AIDS indicator survey

  Youth Males
O.R (95% CI)
Youth Females
O.R (95% CI)
Socio-demographic characteristics   
Respondent current age 0.67 (0.62–0.73)** 0.60 (0.53–0.68)**
Highest Education Level   
   No education Ref Ref
   Primary education 0.95 (0.53–1.70) 0.68 (0.35–1.33)
   Secondary 0.75 (0.41–1.39) 1.19 (0.60–2.34)
   Higher 1.26 (0.41–3.83) 11.14 (2.44–50.89)**
Religion   
   Roman Catholic Ref Ref
   Protestants 1.21 (0.64–2.30) 1.03 (0.47–2.28)
   Other Christian Religions 1.65 (0.92–2.97) 0.91 (0.45–1.81)
   Muslim 0.87 (0.53–1.43) 1.54 (0.78–3.05)
   Others † 0.53 (0.30–0.95)* 0.54 (0.21–1.41)
Place of residence   
   Urban Ref Ref
   Rural 0.71 (0.47–1.06) 0.42 (0.24–0.75)**
Region of residence   
   Abidjan town Ref Ref
   Centre 1.04 (0.49–2.19) 0.68 (0.30–1.55)
   Centre-East 2.03 (0.97–4.22) 0.93 (0.37–2.31)
   Centre-North 0.54 (0.19–1.51) 0.44 (0.13–1.45)
   Centre-West 1.87 (0.86–4.05) 0.65 (0.24–1.81)
   North 0.72 (0.21–2.50) 0.18 (0.03–1.06)
   North-East 1.60 (0.71–3.61) 0.58 (0.18–1.85)
   North-West 0.55 (0.19–1.55) 0.04 (0.00–0.35)**
   West 0.86 (0.29–2.51) 0.57 (0.14–2.35)
   South 2.02 (0.97–4.24) 1.39 (0.60–3.25)
   South-West 1.26 (0.56–2.82) 0.66 (0.23–1.84)
Regular exposure to mass media †† 0.92 (0.41–2.07) 0.51 (0.22–1.17)
Ideational determinants   
Respondent knows someone who has AIDS or has died of AIDS 0.46 (0.26–0.80)** 1.66 (0.83–3.29)
Most young men wait for sex until marriage 0.80 (0.33–1.94) 1.85 (0.47–7.33)
Most unmarried sexually active men have only one partner 1.61 (0.81–3.19) 0.26 (0.07–0.98)*
Most married men only have sex with their wives 0.99 (0.59–1.67) 1.94 (0.92–4.10)
Most young women wait for sex until marriage 1.60 (0.78–3.29) 2.05 (0.75–5.60)
Most unmarried sexually active women have only one partner 0.70 (0.34–1.41) 1.21 (0.50–2.94)
Most married women only have sex with their husbands 1.23 (0.84–1.81) 0.89 (0.53–1.49)
HIV/AIDS-related knowledge   
HIV/AIDS-related knowledge of preventive methods   
   Abstain from sexual intercourse 0.96 (0.57–1.60) 0.91 (0.45–1.83)
   Limit sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner with no other partners 1.54 (0.86–2.75) 0.50 (0.26–0.98)*
   Use of condoms 0.45 (0.26–0.77)** 0.71 (0.36–1.41)
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission   
   A healthy-looking person can have AIDS virus 0.72 (0.43–1.20) 1.00 (0.54–1.85)
   AIDS cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites 1.03 (0.66–1.59) 1.37 (0.81–2.34)
   A person cannot become infected by sharing food with a person who has AIDS 1.73 (1.02–2.96)* 0.93 (0.48–1.80)
Pseudo-R 2 34.0% 36.5%
Number of cases (included in the analysis) 820 550
Hosmer and Lemeshow Test χ 2 (grouped)/p 6.18/0.63 4.53/0.81
% correctly classified 76.8 80.2
  1. ** OR is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). * OR is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed). † Including Animists, no religion or other religions; †† Exposure to radio, television, newspapers, or magazines at least once a week. Note: Reference categories, unless stated, are null categories. All significant OR are in bold. Ref: Reference category. Logistic regression analysis is based on unweighted data. Data derived from the 2005 AIS- Côte d'Ivoire.