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Table 2 Associations between selected variables and youths' abstinence behavior by gender

From: Sexual abstinence behavior among never-married youths in a generalized HIV epidemic country: evidence from the 2005 Côte d'Ivoire AIDS indicator survey

  Male
N = 1653
   Female
N = 1388§
  
  Primary abstinence
N = 527
Secondary abstinence
N = 84†
Abstinence behavior
N = 611
Primary abstinence
N = 463
Secondary abstinence
N = 53†
Abstinence behavior
N = 516
Percentages of total 31.9 7.5 37.0 33.5 5.7 37.2
Socio-demographic characteristics       
Age groups       
   15–16 47.2** 7.1 41.8** 56.4** 3.8* 51.0**
   17–18 27.7** 14.3 25.9* 28.3* 13.2* 26.6
   19–20 15.2** 33.3 17.6** 8.9** 41.5* 12.0**
   21–22 6.5** 20.2 8.3** 1.7** 25.0* 4.3**
   23–24 3.4** 24.7 6.4** 4.8** 17.3 6.0**
Highest Education Level       
   No education 28.8** 19.0 27.6** 36.5** 30.2 35.9
   Primary education 28.4* 15.5 26.6 27.4* 26.4 27.3
   Secondary 41.0** 58.3 43.4 32.6* 43.4 33.7
   Higher 1.7** 7.1 2.5** 3.5 0.0 3.1
Religion       
   Roman Catholics 22.8 19.0 22.3 24.6** 25.0 24.8
   Protestants 12.0 11.8 11.8 13.0 21.2 14.0
   Other Christians 12.7 23.8** 14.2* 13.4 32.1** 15.1
   Muslim 36.6 35.7 36.5** 32.2** 13.5* 30.4
   Others †† 16.1* 9.5 15.2** 16.6 7.5 15.5
Place of residence       
   Urban 44.0 56.0 45.7 60.0* 58.5 59.9**
   Rural 56.0 44.0 54.3 40.0 41.5 40.1
Region of residence       
   Abidjan town 20.7* 32.1 22.2 32.4 35.8* 32.8
   Centre 8.5 7.1 8.3** 6.9** 18.9 8.1**
   Centre-East 3.2* 4.8 3.3* 1.9 0.0 1.7
   Centre-North 4.7 4.8 4.7 5.2 3.8 5.0
   Centre-West 13.1 9.4 12.4 9.7 3.8 9.1
   North 7.0 2.4 6.2 6.5** 1.9 6.0
   North-East 4.9* 1.2 4.4 3.0 0.0 2.7
   North-West 3.0 1.2 2.8 2.4 0.0 2.1
   West 5.1 3.6 4.9* 5.4 0.0 5.0
   South 21.8 28.6* 22.6* 22.2 24.5 22.7
   South-West 8.2 7.1 8.0 4.3 7.7 4.7
Regular exposure to mass media ††† 88.4** 92.9 89.2** 86.8 94.3 87.6
Ideational determinants 9.5** 9.0 9.6** 9.8 30.0 12.0
Respondent knows someone who has AIDS or has died of AIDS 9.2** 2.5 8.4** 7.8** 1.9 7.2**
Most young men wait for sex until marriage 12.3** 9.1* 11.9* 11.9** 2.0 10.8*
Most unmarried sexually active men have only one partner 27.3** 13.7 25.4** 34.8** 13.5* 32.1**
Most married men only have sex with their wives 15.1** 6.2 13.8** 17.1** 3.8 15.3**
Most young women wait for sex until marriage 16.6** 10.0 15.6** 22.7** 12.8 21.5**
Most unmarried sexually active women have only one partner 50.4** 35.1 48.4** 67.9** 37.8 64.4**
Most married women only have sex with their husbands       
HIV/AIDS-related knowledge       
HIV/AIDS-related knowledge of preventive methods 74.1 82.5 75.3* 76.4 84.6 77.3
   Abstain from sexual intercourse 80.2 83.5 80.7 72.9** 70.6 72.6**
   Limit sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner with no other partners 73.1 81.3 74.4* 61.2** 92.2 64.8**
   Use of condoms       
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission 82.5** 94.6 84.4 78.1** 91.7 79.8
   A healthy-looking person can have AIDS virus 52.5 60 53.7* 50.7 65.4 52.4
   AIDS cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites 69.9 84.4* 71.8 73.0* 82.7* 74.2*
   A person cannot become infected by sharing food with a person who has AIDS 9.5** 9.0 9.6** 9.8 30.0 12.0
  1. **. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed); *. Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed); † Denominator includes the sexually experienced youths group (for male, N = 1126; for female, N = 925); †† Including Animists, no religion or other religions; ††† Exposure to radio, television, newspapers, or magazines at least once a week. §: Including those four female youths whose information on whether they ever had sexual intercourse was treated as missing. Note: All the explanatory variables are categorical; Values, unless stated are column percentages. The percentage distribution is based on weighted data. Significance testing is based on the chi-square test, using unweighted data. Data derived from the 2005 AIS- Côte d'Ivoire.