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Table 1 Means and percentages of selected variables of never-married youths by gender

From: Sexual abstinence behavior among never-married youths in a generalized HIV epidemic country: evidence from the 2005 Côte d'Ivoire AIDS indicator survey

  Total
N = 3041
Male
N = 1653
Female
N = 1388§
Significance of difference:
(P-value)*
Percentages of total 100 54.4 45.6 0.000
CHARACTERISTICS     
Dependent variables     
   Primary abstinence 32.6 31.9 33.5 ns
   Secondary abstinence † 6.7 7.5 5.7 ns
   Abstinence behavior 37.1 37.0 37.2 ns
Socio-demographic characteristics     
Mean age (yrs.) 18.80 19.25 18.28 0.000
Highest Education Level     
   No education 29.3 23.2 36.7 0.000
   Primary education 27.1 25.6 29.0 0.037
   Secondary 39.4 45.7 31.9 0.000
   Higher 4.1 5.6 2.4 0.000
Religion     
   Roman Catholics 25.1 23.1 27.4 0.007
   Protestants 12.4 11.5 13.5 ns
   Other Christians 12.9 11.6 14.3 0.026
   Muslim 30.7 32.1 29.1 ns
   Others †† 18.8 21.5 15.6 0.000
Place of residence     
   Urban 51.3 47.9 55.3 0.000
   Rural 48.7 52.1 44.7 0.000
Region of residence     
   Abidjan town 27.4 24.7 30.5 0.000
   Centre 11.5 10.9 12.2 ns
   Centre-East 2.2 2.3 2.2 ns
   Centre-North 5.4 5.6 5.2 ns
   Centre-West 10.3 11.4 9.0 0.032
   North 5.2 5.5 4.8 ns
   North-East 3.3 3.5 3.1 ns
   North-West 2.6 3.0 2.2 ns
   West 6.2 6.6 5.7 ns
   South 20.4 19.8 21.0 ns
   South-West 5.6 6.7 4.3 0.005
Regular exposure to mass media ††† 89.9 92.4 86.9 0.000
Ideational determinants     
Respondent knows someone who has AIDS or has died of AIDS 12.9 14.7 10.7 0.005
Most young men wait for sex until marriage 4.6 5.0 4.0 ns
Most unmarried sexually active men have only one partner 9.1 9.7 8.5 ns
Most married men only have sex with their wives 18.6 19.8 17.1 ns
Most young women wait for sex until marriage 9.0 8.2 9.9 ns
Most unmarried sexually active women have only one partner 12.9 11.4 14.9 0.006
Most married women only have sex with their husbands 47.3 43.6 52.0 0.000
HIV/AIDS-related knowledge     
HIV/AIDS-related knowledge of preventive methods     
   Abstain from sexual intercourse 79.1 78.2 80.1 ns
   Limit sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner with no other partners 79.3 79.7 78.8 ns
   Use of condoms 77.1 80.2 73.3 0.000
Comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission     
   A healthy-looking person can have AIDS virus 84.0 86.5 80.9 0.000
   AIDS cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites 55.1 58.0 51.6 0.001
   A person cannot become infected by sharing food with a person who has AIDS 75.9 74.5 77.5 ns
HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes score (Mean, SD) 4.14 (1.85) 4.24 (1.79) 4.03 (1.91) 0.002
  1. † Denominator includes the sexually experienced youths group (N = 2051); †† Including Animists, no religion or other religions; ††† Exposure to radio, television, newspapers, or magazines at least once a week. §: Including those four female youths whose information on whether they ever had sexual intercourse was treated as missing. Note: Values, unless stated, are column percentages; ns: not significant (for P-value greater than 0.05). *Significance levels for chi-square and t-tests compare males and females on each of the variables. Data derived from the 2005 AIS- Côte d'Ivoire.