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Table 4 Blood pressure levels (means and standard deviation), the prevalence of hypertension and drug treatment for hypertension. Prevalence of diabetes and increased fasting plasma glucose.

From: Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged men and women in Gothenburg, Sweden

Variable Men
born in 1953
50 years old
n = 595
Women
born in 1953
50 years old
n = 667
Men
born in 1943
60 years old
n = 655
SBP, mm Hg, automatic 129.3 (17.8) 123.1 (19.0) 139.8 (21.0)
SBP, mm Hg, physician 134.7 (17.6) 130.7 (18.6) 143.8 (19.6)
DBP, mm Hg, automatic 83.9 (10.9) 82.6 (10.8) 85.1 (11.3)
DBP, mm Hg, physician 84.9 (10.4) 80.8 (10.2) 85.2 (10.5)
Drugs for hypertension (%) 7.1 9.6 22.5
Hypertension (%) 46.2 36.0 66.7
Known diabetes (%) 4.0 2.0 6.4
Fp-glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/l (%) 10.2 4.2 17.0
Fp-glucose ≥ 5.6 mmol/l (%) 26.1 10.4 32.6
  1. SBP = systolic blood pressure. DBP = diastolic blood pressure phase 5. Hypertension was defined as a physicians diagnosis of hypertension and/or SBP ≥ 140 and/or DBP ≥ 90 (physician measurement), and/or treatment for hypertension.
  2. Fp = fasting, plasma. Fp-glucos ≥ 6.1 and ≥ 5.6 respectively includes those with known diabetes.
  3. To convert p-glucose from mmol/l to mg/dl multiply by 18.
  4. Known diabetes = those who have been told by their doctors that they have diabetes