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Table 4 Results of Outcomes

From: A systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

Outcomes\27 Reference Agha 2002, Agha, Van Rossem 2004 [9,30] Fawole et al. 1999 [23] Fitzgerald et al. 1999 [25] Harvey et al. 2000 [4] James et al. 2005 [31] Klepp et al. 1994, Klepp et al. 1997 [21,29] Kuhn, et al. 1994 [27] Munodawafa et al. 1995 [24] Rusakaniko et al. 1997 [18] Stanton et al. 1998 [26]
General STD/HIV/AIDS knowledge +/+ + + + + + + + 0  
Knowledge regarding to abstinence +/+          
Knowledge regarding condom use +/-       + +   
Attitudes towards PLWHA      + + +    
Attitude towards abstinence    +        
Attitudes towards condom use    +   +(m)      
Attitudes towards sexual intercourse    +    0     
General risk perception AIDS/STD/HIV 0/?- +   +       
Intentions regarding abstinence    +   ?- +     
Intentions regarding condom use    +   +   0    +/0/0(f)
General sexual behaviour assessment     0       
Multiple Sexual partnerships 0/+ +         
Behaviour regarding abstinence   + 0 0   0     0/0/+(f, bv)
Behaviour regarding condom use   0 0 + 0      +/0/0(m, bv)
Symptom of STD   0   0       
Communication with others on HIV/AIDS      0   +    0/+/0(m)
  1. Key:
  2. 0 No statistically significant effect in direction of desired outcome
  3. - Reversal of effect or effect in opposite direction to desired outcome
  4. + Statistically significant effect in direction of desired outcome
  5. / Earlier follow-up result to left of, and latter follow-up effect to right of
  6. f effect significant in females only
  7. m effect significant in males only
  8. bv observed effect significant among baseline virgins
  9. ? hint of effect reported to the right of this symbol