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Table 2 List of excluded primary studies and secondary reviews.

From: A systematic review of school-based sexual health interventions to prevent STI/HIV in sub-Saharan Africa

Article details: Ref. Reason(s) for exclusion.
Brieger WR et al.: West African Youth Initiative: outcome of a reproductive health education program. J Adolescent Health 2001, 29: 436–446. [14] Repeated cross-sectional design felt to limit our objectivity in measuring programme attrition.
Gallant M, Maticka-Tyndale E: School-based HIV prevention programmes for African youth. Soc Sci Med 2004, 58:1337–1351. [11] Secondary review, including studies without control group.
Kinsman J et al.: Implementation of a comprehensive AIDS education programme for schools in Masaka District, Uganda, AIDS Care1999, 11: 591–601. [35] No control group
Kinsman J et al.: Evaluation of a comprehensive school-based aids education programme in rural Masaka, Uganda, Health Education Res 2001, 16: 85–100. [36] No control group
Maclachlan M et al.: AIDS education for youth through active learning: A school-based approach from Malawi, Int J Educ Dev 1997, 17: 41–50. [37] Matched control used. Did not fulfil the criteria of having both pre- and post-intervention assessment.
Magnani R et al.: The impact of life skills education on adolescent sexual risk behaviors in KwaZulu-natal, South Africa, J Adolescent Health, 2005, 36: 289–304. [38] No control group
Magnussen L et al.: Interventions to prevent HIV/AIDS among adolescents in less developed countries: are they effective? Int J Adolescent Med Health, 2004, 16: 303–323. [12] Secondary review, not as focused geographically and in terms of types of intervention.
Mbizvo MT et al.: Effects of a randomized health education intervention on aspects of reproductive health knowledge and reported behaviour among adolescents in Zimbabwe, Soc Sci Med 1997, 44: 573–577. [39] Outcomes relating to pregnancy and contraception, and excluding STD/HIV/AIDS.
Okonofua FE et al.: Impact of an intervention to improve treatment-seeking behavior and prevent sexually transmitted diseases among Nigerian youths, Int J Infect Dis, 2003, 7: 61–73. [22] Repeated cross-sectional design felt to limit our objectivity in measuring programme attrition.
Shuey DA et al.: Increased sexual abstinence among in-school adolescents as a result of school health education in Soroti district, Uganda, Health Educ Res, 1999, 14: 411–419. [17] Repeated cross-sectional design felt to limit our objectivity in measuring programme attrition.
Speizer IS et al.: The effectiveness of adolescent reproductive health interventions in developing countries: A review of the evidence, J Adolescent Health, 2003, 33: 324–348. [13] Secondary review, not as focused, geographically/intervention types. Includes studies without control group.