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Table 3 Multivariate Cox proportional hazard model hazard ratios for CHD risk in Chinese adults aged 35–74, the CMCS

From: The future impact of population growth and aging on coronary heart disease in China: projections from the Coronary Heart Disease Policy Model-China

  Males Females
Variable Hazard Ratio 95%CI Hazard Ratio 95%CI
Age (10 years) 1.93 (1.57, 2.39) 1.99 (1.42, 2.79)
HDL (10 mg/dl or 0.26 mmol/l) 0.98 (0.88, 1.09) 0.78 (0.64, 0.93)
LDL (20 mg/dL or 0.51 mmol/l) 1.17 (1.10, 1.27) 1.11 (0.98, 1.24)
Systolic BP (20 mm Hg) 1.35 (1.17, 1.52) 1.27 (1.04, 1.55)
Diabetes (yes = 1, no = 0) 1.35 (0.82, 2.21) 2.43 (0.89, 3.47)
Active smoking (yes = 1, no = 0) 2.00 (1.45, 2.75) 2.51* Not available†
  1. Excepting smoking in women, estimates are from a multivariate model containing all variables shown in the table.
  2. *Hazard ratio for active smoking in women from the PRC-USA cohort (Wu et al.)[46] after adjusting the estimate to reflect total CHD (angina, myocardial infarction, and arrest) in place of hard CHD (myocardial infarction and arrest only). See text for explanation.
  3. † 95% confidence interval for the original estimate was not published.