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Table 3 Distribution of attenders and non-attenders to mammography screening program according to health services utilisation.

From: Determinants of non attendance to mammography program in a region with high voluntary health insurance coverage

Variables Cases Non-attenders, n(%) (n = 101) Controls Attenders, n(%) (n = 173) Crude OR (95% CI)
Preventive activities    
Pap test in last 5 years    
No 33(32,7) 69(40.1) 1
Yes 68(67.3) 103(59.9) 1.38 (0.82–2.31)
Annual dental cheks-ups    
No 32(31.7) 79(45.7) 1
Yes 69(68.3) 94(54.3) 1.81 (1.08–3.03)
Prior mammography last 2 years    
No prior mammograms 30 (29.7) 97 (56.1) 1
Prior mammograms in public centre 8 (7.9) 48 (27.7) 0.53 (0.23–1.26)**
Prior mammograms in private centre 63 (62.4) 28 (16.2) 7.27 (3.97–13.32)**
Type of health insurance coverage    
Public health insurance 29 (28.7) 120 (69.4) 1
Public and private health insurance 72 (71.3) 53 (30.6) 5.62 (3.28–9.6)**
Mammography recommended by GPs    
No 81 (80.2) 132 (76.7) 1
Yes 20 (19.8) 40 (23.3) 0.81 (0.44–1.49)
Mammography recommended by gynaecologist    
No 26 (25.7) 75 (43.6) 1
Yes 75 (74.3) 97 (56.4) 2.2 (1.30–3.82)**
    P*
Visit to general practice(last year)    
Mean (SD) 6.9 (8.6) 8.5(10.1) 0.03
Median (P25–P75) 3 (1–11) 6 (2–12)  
Visit to gynaecologist (last 2 years)    
Mean (SD) 1.2 (1.0) 0.9 (1.1) 0.01
Median (P25–P75) 1 (0–2) 1 (0–2)  
Distance to mammography(Km)    
Mean (SD) 12.1 (13.0) 13.05 (15.5) 0.90
Median (P25–P75) 10 (1–20) 5 (1–23)  
  1. * Mann-Whitney U test
  2. **p < 0.001