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Table 1 Prevalence of chronic conditions among participants aged 50 to 75 years in the in the EPIC-HD cohort by educational level and sex

From: The impact of education on risk factors and the occurrence of multimorbidity in the EPIC-Heidelberg cohort

Educational level Low Middle High Total
Men N % N % N % N %
Dyslipidemia 2237 58.8 614 57.7 1262 52.2 4113 56.5
Hyperuricemia 708 19.0 140 13.3 275 11.5 1123 15.7
Diabetes mellitus all 643 16.9 129 12.1 241 10.0 1013 13.9
   insulin dependent 131 3.4 23 2.2 50 2.1 204 2.8
Thyroid disease 271 7.2 91 8.7 183 7.6 545 7.6
Hypertension 2175 57.1 594 55.8 1188 49.2 3957 54.3
Stroke 204 5.4 41 3.9 78 3.2 323 4.4
Myocardial infarction (MI) 377 9.9 71 6.7 120 5.0 568 7.8
Heart diseases (except MI) 770 21.0 220 21.3 491 20.1 1481 21.0
Lung diseases 261 7.0 80 7.7 169 7.1 510 7.1
Gastrointestinal diseases 1298 34.6 322 30.6 657 27.6 2277 31.7
Pancreatic disease 62 1.7 10 1.0 22 0.9 94 1.3
Liver/kidney diseases 116 3.1 20 1.9 50 2.1 186 2.6
Muscle/bone diseases 607 16.6 88 8.6 206 8.8 901 12.8
Central nervous system 30 0.8 9 0.9 15 0.6 54 0.8
Cancer 575 15.1 146 13.7 277 11.5 998 13.7
Women         
Dyslipidemia 1958 56.1 879 52.6 631 47.7 3468 53.5
Hyperuricemia 234 6.8 70 4.3 50 3.8 354 5.6
Diabetes mellitus all 390 11.2 112 6.7 55 4.2 557 8.6
insulin dependent 80 2.3 24 1.4 10 0.8 114 1.8
Thyroid disease 934 27.3 465 28.3 314 24.2 1713 30.0
Hypertension 1916 54.9 799 47.8 544 41.2 3259 50.3
Stroke 119 3.4 33 2.0 21 1.6 173 2.7
Myocardial infarction (MI) 106 3.0 39 2.3 25 1.9 170 2.6
Heart diseases (except MI) 560 16.8 286 17.8 212 16.5 1058 17.0
Lung diseases 279 8.1 126 7.7 104 8.0 509 8.0
Gastrointestinal diseases 1146 33.3 514 31.3 356 27.3 2016 31.6
Pancreatic diseases 46 1.3 21 1.3 18 1.4 85 1.3
Liver/kidney diseases 66 1.9 28 1.7 30 2.3 124 2.0
Muscle/bone diseases 828 25.1 329 20.9 232 18.2 1389 22.6
Central nervous system 20 0.6 8 0.5 7 0.5 35 0.5
Cancer 452 12.9 220 13.2 179 13.5 851 13.1