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Table 2 Change in self-assessment of skills among the study respondents

From: Development and evaluation of a leadership training program for public health emergency response: results from a Chinese study

Self-assessment of skills skills Level, Mean(SD)
  Pre-test Post-test Follow-up test
Cope with and lead changes in public health practice 3.05(1.07) 4.12(0.75)* 4.07(0.82)*
Match the skills and knowledge of public health workers with appropriate tasks 3.15(0.96) 3.68(0.85)* 3.76(0.86)*
Deal with cultural and ethnic diversity in the context of access to health services 2.95(1.00) 3.85(0.82)* 3.83(0.63)*
Mobilize resources in the community needed to increase access to public health services 2.73(0.87) 3.71(0.78)* 3.76(0.80)*
Communicate clearly and effectively public health laws and regulations 2.76(0.89) 3.66(0.85)* 3.76(0.86)*
Advocate for the enforcement of laws and regulations pertaining to public health 2.88(0.95) 3.80(0.84)* 3.78(0.85)*
Understand the administrative, social, and political implications of alternative policy options 2.54(0.92) 3.49(0.71)* 3.68(0.69)*
Work with, coordinate, and/or lead community efforts to address public health problems 2.88(0.81) 3.80(0.71)* 3.76(0.70)*
Build strong and ongoing relationships with the community 2.95(0.86) 3.90(0.80)* 3.93(0.85)*
Interact, inform, and educate individuals from diverse backgrounds 2.93(0.98) 3.85(0.91)* 3.83(0.67)*
Use the media and other forums to inform, educate, and empower people about health issues 2.98(0.88) 4.02(0.72)* 3.98(0.79)*
Collaborate with colleagues and the community to manage and investigate public health problems 3.05(1.05) 3.80(0.87)* 3.76(0.77)*
Accurately and effectively communicate information to a professional and a lay audience 2.93(0.96) 3.83(0.80)* 3.85(0.76)*
Lead and participate in groups to identify public health problems 2.95(0.86) 4.07(0.72)* 3.98(0.79)*
Use visual representations of data to identify public health problems 2.66(0.94) 3.83(0.74)* 3.95(0.74)*
  1. Note: The ordinal scale ranged from 1 to 5 (1 = "very low", 2 = "low", 3 = "Average", 4 = "high", 5 = "very high").
  2. Abbreviations: SD: standard deviation; Pre-test: the mean scores before training; Post-test: the mean scores after training; Follow-up test: the mean scores of 12-month after training. Symbols:*P < 0.05 vs. Pre-training; Δ P < 0.05 vs. Post-training.