The mean knowledge scores of participants at pre-training, post-training, and follow-up time periods ( N = 41). Data are shown as mean ± SD. All comparisons were performed by one way ANOVA. Abbreviations: A: Emergency analytic/assessment knowledge; B: Basic public health science knowledge; C: Basic culture knowledge; D: Program planning and management knowledge; Pre-test: The mean scores of pre-training; Post-test: The mean scores of post-training; Follow-up test: The mean scores of 12-month later. Symbols: *P < 0.05 vs. Pre-training; Δ
P < 0.05 vs. Post-training.