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Table 2 Odds of a female respondent consuming a specific food item compared to a male respondent (adjusted for age), showing only those food items whose differences were statistically significant (P ≤ 0.05) in the Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada, November 2005 – March 2006

From: Food consumption patterns in the Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada: a cross-sectional telephone survey

Food Items OR 95% CI
(A) Herbs & Sprouts   
   Bean sprouts 0.75 0.56 < OR < 1.00
(B) Fruits   
   Lemon 6.53 1.62 < OR < 26.26
   Grapefruit 2.08 1.39 < OR < 3.11
   Kiwi 1.73 1.24 < OR < 2.44
   Raspberries 1.66 1.16 < OR < 2.38
   Blueberries 1.58 1.21 < OR < 2.06
   Pears 1.47 1.13 < OR < 1.91
   Strawberries 1.36 1.12 < OR < 1.64
   Grapes 1.23 1.03 < OR < 1.47
   Unpasteurized Juice 0.70 0.50 < OR < 1.00
(C) Vegetables   
   Beans 2.64 1.61 < OR < 4.33
   Cauliflower 1.94 1.49 < OR < 2.54
   Peppers 1.85 1.50 < OR < 2.27
   Fresh celery 1.55 1.30 < OR < 1.85
   Fresh carrots 1.43 1.15 < OR <1.79
   Fresh spinach 1.42 1.13 < OR < 1.78
   Broccoli 1.38 1.16 < OR < 1.65
   Lettuce 1.33 1.04 < OR < 1.70
   Other bulb onion 1.31 1.10 < OR < 1.57
   Cucumber 1.22 1.03 < OR < 1.46
Deli Salads   
   Pre-bagged, mixed salad greens 1.25 1.04 < OR < 1.50
   Pasta salad 1.18 1.18 < OR < 2.04
(D) Dairy   
   Yogurt 1.76 1.48 < OR < 2.10
   White milk 1.43 1.10 < OR < 1.84
   Sour cream 1.33 1.10 < OR < 1.61
(E) Cheese   
   Gouda 2.28 1.18 < OR < 4.41
   Cream cheese 1.66 1.37 < OR < 2.03
   Cottage cheese 1.54 1.20 < OR < 1.97
   Marble cheese 1.37 1.13 < OR < 1.68
   Feta cheese 1.36 1.06 < OR < 1.75
   Parmesan cheese 1.29 1.08 < OR < 1.54
(F) Nuts   
   Almonds 1.27 1.04 < OR < 1.55
   Pecan 2.14 1.28 < OR < 3.59
(G) Meats   
   Ham 4.46 1.53 < OR < 12.81
   Ground beef 1.34 1.13 < OR < 1.60
   Steak 0.68 0.55 < OR < 0.82
   Hamburgers 0.68 0.55 < OR < 0.83
Hamburgers not made in the home 0.60 0.47 < OR < 0.77
Hamburgers from pre-made uncooked patties 0.59 0.38 < OR < 0.93
   Lamb 0.56 0.37 < OR < 0.85
   Pink or undercooked pork* 0.45 0.24 < OR < 0.84
CI – confidence interval.   
  1. *Among respondents that reported eating pork
  2. Exact 95% confidence intervals